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What countries are rapidly aging? - Answers

Questions answered : 759||Last updated on : June 29th, 2018 At 01:00pm (ET)

What countries are rapidly aging?

World Map depicting rapidly aging countries

Aging is a global phenomenon and declining fertility and increasing longevity are the key drivers of population aging globally.

The United Nation’s Department of Economic and Social Affairs released a World Population Aging report in 2017 that helps to understand the global trends of aging.

According to the United Nation’s 2015 World Population Aging report titled, ‘World Population Prospects: The 2015 Revision’; in 2000, out of the ten countries that were most aged, nine were in Europe. The report reveals that in 2015, those aged above 60 accounted for a little more than 25 percent in all ten most aged countries.

In 2017, one in eight people worldwide was aged 60 or over. Global population aged 60 years or over numbered 962 million in 2017, more than twice as large as in 1980 when there were 382 million older persons worldwide. The number of older persons is expected to double again by 2050 when it is projected to reach nearly 2.1 billion.

In 2030, older persons are expected to outnumber children under age 10 (1.41 billion versus 1.35 billion). It has been estimated that by 2030, in the countries with largest aged population, those above 60 will constitute around 32 percent of their population. Europe will still be leading the race with seven of the ten most aged countries coming from that continent, while the other three would be from Asia and the Caribbean.

In 2050, projections indicate that there will be older persons aged 60 or over than adolescents and youth at ages 10-24 (2.1 billion versus 2.0 billion). In 2050, older persons are expected to account for 35 percent of the population in Europe, 28 percent in Northern America, 25 percent in Latin America and the Caribbean, 24 percent in Asia, 23 percent in Oceania and 9 percent in Africa.

As the average age of populations continues to rise, Governments should understand the importance of implementing policies to address the needs and interests of older persons, including those related to housing, employment, health care, social protection, and other forms of intergenerational solidarity. By anticipating this demographic shift, countries can proactively enact policies to adapt to an aging population, which will be essential to fulfill the pledge of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development that “no one will be left behind”.

The table below provides the aging trends in 2017.

World Population Prospects for the aging trends

Country or area Population in 2017 aged
60 years or over (in thousands)
Percentage aged
60 years or over
Japan 42,548 33.4
Italy 17,427 29.4
Germany 22,996 28
Portugal 2,880 27.9
Finland 1,535 27.8
Bulgaria 1,961 27.7
Croatia 1,122 26.8
Greece 2,957 26.5
Slovenia 546 26.3
Latvia 512 26.2
Malta 112 26.1
Hungary 2,524 26
Estonia 339 25.9
France 16,719 25.7
Martinique 99 25.7
Czechia 2,714 25.6
Sweden 2,525 25.5
Spain 11,750 25.3
Denmark 1,451 25.3
Lithuania 730 25.3
United States Virgin Islands 27 25.3
Austria 2,189 25.1
Netherlands 4,264 25
Romania 4,892 24.9
Belgium 2,813 24.6
Serbia 2,153 24.5
Channel Islands 41 24.5
Switzerland 2,044 24.1
Poland 9,152 24
United Kingdom 15,849 23.9
Guadeloupe 106 23.6
Canada 8,590 23.5
China, Hong Kong SAR 1,727 23.5
Bosnia and Herzegovina 821 23.4
Ukraine 10,254 23.2
Curaçao 37 22.9
Norway 1,186 22.3
Slovakia 1,189 21.8
United States of America 69,774 21.5
Belarus 2,019 21.3
Montenegro 134 21.3
Russian Federation 30,328 21.1
Australia 5,124 21
Barbados 60 21
New Zealand 981 20.8
Georgia 815 20.8
Puerto Rico 747 20.4
China, Taiwan Province of China 4,763 20.2
Republic of Korea 10,264 20.1
Cuba 2,310 20.1
Iceland 67 20.1
Luxembourg 115 19.6
Singapore 1,115 19.5
Uruguay 675 19.5
TFYR Macedonia 405 19.5
Ireland 909 19.1
Albania 558 19
Cyprus 218 18.5
Republic of Moldova 712 17.6
Thailand 11,691 16.9
Armenia 496 16.9
Mauritius 210 16.6
Réunion 144 16.4
China 228,897 16.2
Israel 1,342 16.1
China, Macao SAR 100 16.1
Chile 2,894 16
Argentina 6,822 15.4
Trinidad and Tobago 206 15
Sri Lanka 3,109 14.9
New Caledonia 39 14.2
Guam 23 14
Saint Lucia 25 13.7
Costa Rica 669 13.6
Jamaica 393 13.6
Dem. People’s Rep. of Korea 3,436 13.5
Bahamas 54 13.5
Seychelles 13 13.3
Brazil 26,465 12.6
Tunisia 1,419 12.3
Turkey 9,686 12
Lebanon 730 12
French Polynesia 34 11.9
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 13 11.7
Colombia 5,716 11.6
El Salvador 738 11.6
Panama 466 11.4
Viet Nam 10,616 11.1
Kazakhstan 2,022 11.1
Morocco 3,807 10.7
Ecuador 1,739 10.5
Grenada 11 10.5
Peru 3,350 10.4
Suriname 58 10.4
Dominican Republic 1,101 10.2
Mexico 13,042 10.1
Azerbaijan 992 10.1
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) 3,175 9.9
Fiji 90 9.9
Malaysia 3,074 9.7
Bolivia (Plurinational State of) 1,049 9.5
India 125,693 9.4
Myanmar 5,043 9.4
Algeria 3,869 9.4
Paraguay 643 9.4
Iran (Islamic Republic of) 7,148 8.8
Nepal 2,569 8.8
Indonesia 22,743 8.6
Guyana 67 8.6
Samoa 17 8.5
Tonga 9 8.5
South Africa 4,753 8.4
Nicaragua 521 8.4
French Guiana 24 8.4
Brunei Darussalam 34 8
Micronesia (Fed. States of) 8 8
Egypt 7,676 7.9
Philippines 8,023 7.6
Uzbekistan 2,431 7.6
Kyrgyzstan 459 7.6
Bangladesh 12,036 7.3
Haiti 800 7.3
Turkmenistan 419 7.3
Bhutan 59 7.3
Cambodia 1,129 7.1
Honduras 645 7
Guatemala 1,163 6.9
Cabo Verde 38 6.9
Syrian Arab Republic 1,246 6.8
Pakistan 13,259 6.7
Lesotho 150 6.7
Vanuatu 19 6.7
Libya 423 6.6
Mongolia 203 6.6
Botswana 146 6.4
Gabon 129 6.4
Djibouti 61 6.4
Kiribati 7 6.4
Lao People’s Dem. Republic 434 6.3
Maldives 28 6.3
Belize 23 6.2
Papua New Guinea 505 6.1
Tajikistan 520 5.8
Mayotte 15 5.8
Jordan 549 5.7
Saudi Arabia 1,855 5.6
Sudan 2,226 5.5
Central African Republic 255 5.5
Namibia 139 5.5
Timor-Leste 71 5.4
Solomon Islands 33 5.4
Western Sahara 30 5.4
Ethiopia 5,553 5.3
Ghana 1,533 5.3
Eritrea 268 5.3
Guinea 657 5.2
Congo 271 5.2
South Sudan 646 5.1
Iraq 1,920 5
Benin 558 5
Mauritania 222 5
Rwanda 593 4.9
Liberia 232 4.9
Kuwait 201 4.9
Guinea-Bissau 92 4.9
Comoros 40 4.9
Mozambique 1,436 4.8
Madagascar 1,225 4.8
Côte d’Ivoire 1,163 4.8
Cameroon 1,146 4.8
Swaziland 66 4.8
Dem. Republic of the Congo 3,785 4.7
United Republic of Tanzania 2,666 4.7
Senegal 741 4.7
Yemen 1,292 4.6
Togo 357 4.6
State of Palestine 227 4.6
Bahrain 69 4.6
Nigeria 8,568 4.5
Somalia 642 4.4
Burundi 475 4.4
Equatorial Guinea 56 4.4
Kenya 2,117 4.3
Malawi 793 4.3
Sao Tome and Principe 9 4.3
Niger 894 4.2
Zimbabwe 701 4.2
Sierra Leone 314 4.2
Afghanistan 1,462 4.1
Angola 1,195 4
Mali 735 4
Chad 592 4
Oman 185 4
Burkina Faso 741 3.9
Gambia 80 3.8
Zambia 630 3.7
Uganda 1,425 3.3
Qatar 74 2.8
United Arab Emirates 224 2.4

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