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What are the Key Facts of Sudan? | Sudan Facts - Answers

Questions answered : 1407||Last updated on : January 18th, 2020 At 10:05am (ET)
Answers » Geography » What are the Key Facts of Sudan?

What are the Key Facts of Sudan?

Map of Republic of the Sudan
Map of Sudan which lies in the continent of Africa

Official Name

Republic of the Sudan

Continent

Africa

Capital

Khartoum

Largest City

Khartoum

Coordinates

15.000000, 30.000000

Area

728,215 sq. mi (1,886,068 sq. km)

Land Boundaries

4,237 mi (6,819 km)

Coastline

530 mi (853 km)

Currency

Sudanese pound (SDG)

Neighboring Countries

Egypt, Libya, Chad, Central African Republic, South Sudan, Ethiopia, Eritrea

Maritime neighbor: Saudi Arabia

Population

41,592,539 (2019 est.)

Official Languages

English and Arabic

Major Religion

Islam

National Day

1 January (Independence Day)

National Anthem

“Nahnu Djundulla Djundulwatan”

Form of Government

Presidential republic

President

Vacant (as of 2019)

Sovereignty Council Chairman

Abdel Fattah al-Burhan

Prime Minister

Abdalla Hamdok

GDP per capita (PPP)

$ 4,759.3 (World Bank, 2018)

GDP per capita (nominal)

$ 977.3 (World Bank, 2018)

HDI

0.508 (2018), Rank: 168

Literacy Rate (%)

60.7 (UNESCO, 2018)

Space Agency

NA

Military Expenditure Ranking

71 (SIPRI, 2018)

No. of Olympic Medals

1 (as of 2018)

Driving Side

right

Calling Code

+249

Time Zone

UTC+2 (CAT)

Internet TLD

.sd

Where is Sudan?

Sudan is a north-east African country located between Eritrea and Egypt. It borders the Red Sea (to the northeast).

What is the Geography of Sudan?

Sudan has a total area of 1,886,068 sq. km (728,215 sq. mi) out of which 1,731,671 sq. km (668,602 sq. mi) is land area and 129,813 sq. km (50,121 sq. mi) is the water area.

It has a 6,819 km (4,237 mi) long land boundary, which is shared with seven neighbouring countries: 

  • South Sudan (2,158 km or 1,341 mi) to the south 
  • Chad (1,403 km or 872 mi) to the west
  • Egypt (1,276 km or 793 mi) to the north
  • Ethiopia (744 km or 462 mi) to the southeast
  • Eritrea (682 km or 424 mi) to the east
  • Libya (382 km or 237 mi) to the northwest
  • And Central African Republic (174 km or 108 mi) to the southwest. 

The country has an 853 km (530 mi) long coastline.

Sudan has a generally flat, featureless plain. However, the northern part is dominated by desert. The mean elevation of this North African country is 568 m. While Jabal Marrah at 3,042 m (9,980 ft) is the highest elevation point, the Red Sea at 0 m (0 ft) is the lowest elevation point.

Several mountain ranges punctuate the flat plains. The Marrah Mountains containing the highest elevation point Jabal Marrah are located on the western edge of Sudan. Along the northeastern edge, the Red Sea Hills are situated. The Deriba Crater, measuring around 3-4 miles (5-8 km) in diameter from the outer edges, is located in Darfur. This crater is filled with water.

Some of the significant mountains in Sudan are Deriba Caldera, Idwa, Mogulduma and Jabal Ubbor. The longest rivers that flow through this country are Nile, White Nile, Blue Nile, Atbarah, Bahr al-Arab, etc.

What is the Climate of Sudan?

The climatic condition ranges between the hyper-arid climate in the northern parts of Sudan and tropical wet-and-dry climate in the far southwest. A considerable variation in temperature is not witnessed as per the change in seasons. Arabian Peninsula’s dry northeasterly winds and the Congo River basin’s moist southwesterly winds determine the longevity of wet and dry seasons in the country.

Dry northeasterly, continental trade winds remain a dominant climatic factor during January-March. Except for a small region in northwestern Sudan, practically no rainfall takes place during this period. At the end of the dry season, the temperature remains highest. The sky remains cloudless, and the air remains dry.

May-June is the warmest period with average temperature revolving around 41.9 °C (107.4 °F) in Khartoum. Sometimes, the highest temperature also reaches 48 °C (118.4 °F). January experiences the lowest temperature with average lows of 15 °C (59 °F) in January. Sometimes, the temperature also dips to 6 °C (42.8 °F) during winter in Khartoum.

What is the Economy of Sudan?

The nominal GDP of Sudan was US$40.852 billion in 2018, and the annual GDP growth rate was -2.321%. In 2017, the country had a negative balance of trade amounting to US$5.2 billion. While the value of export was US$4.67 billion and the value of imports was US$9.9 billion.

The main export items of the country are gold, oil or petroleum products, Arabic gum, peanuts, livestock, sesame, cotton, sugar, etc. The main import items are food items, refinery, textiles, transport equipment, manufactured goods, wheat, chemicals, and medicines.

The rate of unemployment was 12.9% in 2018, higher than 12.7% in 2017. Around 47% of the population lives under the poverty line. Human Development Report 2019 shows that the HDI value of the country was 0.507 in 2018, which is one of the lowest in the world. Sudan has a rank of 168 out of 189 countries.

What is the Transportation System of Sudan?

There is around 11,900 km (7,394 mi) roadway available in Sudan, out of which 4,320 km (2,684 mi) are paved, and 7,580 km (4,710 mi) are unpaved. Taxis and bakassis (minibus shared taxi) are the primary public transport on roads. Car rental facilities are also available from major city centres as well as airports.

There is a 7,251 km (4,506 mi) long railway available in this country. While 5,851 km (3,636 mi) is narrow-gauge, 1,400 km (870 mi) is 0.600-m gauge railway track meant for cotton plantations. The country has 4,068 km (2,528 mi) long waterway, out of which navigation remains open all year round on the White Nile River and Blue Nile River. There are 18 merchant marine vessels, and the major seaport is Port Sudan (a port city in eastern Sudan).

Sudan has 74 airports, out of which 16 have paved runways, and 58 have unpaved runways. Six heliports are also there in the country. Khartoum International Airport (in Khartoum) and Port Sudan New International Airport (in Port Sudan) are the leading international airports in Sudan. Other important airports are Wadi Halfa Airport (in Wadi Halfa), Nyala Airport (in Nyala), Kassala Airport (in Kassala), El Obeid Airport (in Al-Ubayyid), El Fasher Airport (in Al-Fashir), Dongola Airport (in Dunqulah), and Atbara Airport (in Atbarah).

What International Organizations is Sudan part of?

UN, UNESCO, WHO, IMF, ILO, ABEDA, ACP, AfDB, AFESD, AMF, AU, CAEU, COMESA, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IGAD, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, LAS, MIGA, NAM, OIC, OPCW, PCA, UNCTAD, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WIPO, WMO, WTO (observer), ICC (NGOs), WFTU (NGOs)

Related Link:

Related Maps:

Map of World Depicting Location of Sudan
Location of Sudan
Africa Map
Africa Map

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