Melbourne is the state capital and also the largest city; it has an estimated population of 4,077,036. Melbourne is known as the "cultural capital of Australia", as Australian television, Australian film, and other cultural institutions of the state originated in the city.
Before Victoria became a state, it was inhabited by indigenous tribes. In 1850, Victoria was established as a colony in 1856, responsible government was granted to the state. Finally, in 1901, statehood was granted to Victoria following a proclamation by Queen Victoria.
The government of Victoria functions in the framework of a constitutional monarchy.
The second-largest economy in Australia, Victoria relies on finance, insurance and property services. Agriculture, mining, and manufacturing are the other major industries.
Owing to its geographical location, Victoria is a famous tourist destination. Sone of the major tourist destinations include: Melbourne Zoo, Melbourne Museum, Bellarine Peninsula, Yarra Valley, the Buchan Caves, Healesville Sanctuary, and the Melbourne Aquarium.
Last Updated On : January 16, 2013