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Bahrain Facts

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What is the capital of Bahrain?
Manama is the capital and the largest city of Bahrain. It has a population of 155,000, and is the focal point of Bahrain's economy.

Where is Bahrain?
Bahrain is an archipelago of thirty-three small islands in the Arabian Gulf, midway between the Qatar peninsula and Saudi Arabia.

What are the administrative divisions of Bahrain?
Bahrain is divided into five regions called governorates.

The highest point of Bahrain is only 122 meters above sea level. What is the name of this 'high' point?
The Mountain of Smoke called "Jabal ad Dukhan" in Arabic is a hill in Bahrain which is the highest point in the country.

Who are the political leaders of Bahrain?
King: Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa
Prime Minister: Khalifa bin Salman Al Khalifa

What currency is used in Bahrain?
The Bahraini Dinar (BHD) is the currency in Bahrain. There are 1000 fils in one Dinar.

What is the official language of Bahrain?
Although the official language is Arabic, farsi (Persian) is also used. English is widely spoken and is the principal language of commerce.

What is the religion of Bahrain?
Bahrain's primary religion is Islam. There are adherents of other religions like Christianity, Bahai, Hinduism, as well as Parsee minorities.

What is the economy of Bahrain like?
Bahrain is one of the most diversified economies in the Persian Gulf. Highly developed communication and transport facilities make Bahrain home to numerous multinational firms with business in the Gulf. The economy is based on oil and oil revenues. Petroleum production and refining account for more than 60% of Bahrain's export receipts, 70% of government revenues, and 11% of GDP

What important city in the nation of Bahrain has a name meaning 'Place of the Ashes' in Arabic and was capital of the country until 1923?
Al Muharraq means 'Place of the Ashes' in Arabic. The oldest sports club in the Persian Gulf region, Muharraq Club, is located in this city. The city of Umm Al Hassam contains a rather large Jewish population and its name means 'Mother of Sea Shells' in Arabic.

When did Bahrain achieve independence?
In 1968 Bahrain joined Qatar and the United Arab Emirates in an attempt to form a union of Arab Emirates with the protection of the British government. By 1971, the terms of the union of these sheikhdoms had still not been worked out and Bahrain thus sought for its own independence. Shortly after this declaration, the nation of Iran attempted to claim the island of Bahrain which was denied by the United Nations. Bahrain was declared a kingdom in 2002.

What multiple dike-bridge combination connects the nation of Bahrain with Saudi Arabia to the west?
King Fahd Causeway connects Bahrain with Saudi Arabia. Construction on the King Fahd Causeway began in 1982, and it was officially opened on November 25, 1986. The total cost of the project was about 1.2 billion United States dollars.


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