Edinburgh is the capital of Scotland.
Edinburgh, which is located in the Scottish Lowlands region of Lothian, is one of the 32 council areas of Scotland. Edinburgh covers an area of 102 square miles and comprises a population of 507,170 inhabitants, as of 2016. This makes it the second most populous city in Scotland after Glasgow. It is also the seventh most populated city in the United Kingdom.
According to evidence, earliest habitation in Edinburgh dates back to 8500 BC. In the 1st century AD, the region came under the control of the Roman Empire. Edinburgh has been acknowledged as the capital of Scotland since the 15th century.
Today, Edinburgh is home to the parliament of Scotland. Prominent institutions in the city such as the National Library of Scotland, National Museum of Scotland, and the Scottish National Gallery provide valuable insights into the history and culture of Scotland. Edinburgh is also an important center of Education. Situated here is the University of Edinburgh. The university, which was founded in 1582, attracts students from all across the world and has been ranked 23rd in the QS World University Rankings that were released in 2018.
The city is also a popular tourist destination and is home to many historic sites such as Holyrood Palace, Edinburgh Castle, Georgian New Town, Canongate, and more. The biggest attraction of the city is the three-week long annual festival Edinburgh International Festival, which is held in the month of August. Edinburgh Fringe is another popular festival and is the largest performing arts festival in the world.
Edinburgh is well-connected to the other parts of the country and the world by road, rail, and air. Edinburgh Airport is the busiest airport, while Edinburgh Waverley is the second busiest railway station in Scotland. The bus service within the city and surrounding areas is run by the Lothian Buses.
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