What are the Key Facts of Denmark

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What are the Key Facts of Denmark?

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Map of Denmark
Denmark Map
Official Name Kingdom of Denmark
Continent Europe
Capital Copenhagen
Largest City Copenhagen
Coordinates 56.000000, 10.000000
Area 16,577 sq mi ( 42,933 sq km)
Land Boundaries 42 mi ( 68 km)
Coastline 5,440 mi ( 8,750 km)
Currency Danish krone (DKK)
Neighboring Countries Germany. Maritime neighbors: Sweden, Norway and United Kingdom
Population 5,806,015 (2018 est.)
Official Languages Danish
Major Religion Christianity
National Day 5 June, Constitution Day
National Anthem “Der er et yndigt land”
Form of Government Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
Monarch Margrethe II
Prime Minister Mette Frederiksen
GDP per capita (PPP) $54,356.4 (World Bank, 2017)
GDP per capita (nominal) $57,218.9 (World Bank, 2017)
HDI 0.929 (2017), Rank: 11
Literacy Rate NA
Space Agency DTU Space
Military Expenditure Ranking 42 (SIPRI, 2017)
No. of Olympic Medals 195 (as of 2018)
Driving Side Right
Calling Code +45
Time Zone UTC+1 (CET), Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Internet TLD .dk

Where is Denmark?

Denmark is a Nordic country, which is located in the southernmost part of the Scandinavian countries (including Sweden, Norway, and Denmark) in Northern Europe. Officially known as the Kingdom of Denmark, it is located south of Norway and southwest of Sweden. It is bordered to the south by Germany’s Schleswig-Holstein state, the only land border of Denmark that is 68 kilometers or 42 miles long. Most of the country’s borders are tidal shorelines (of 8,750 km or 5,440 miles) of Baltic Sea and the North Sea.

What is the Geography of Denmark?

Denmark consists of the mainland called Jutland or Cimbrian Peninsula and the Danish Archipelago islands in the Baltic Sea.

  • Jutland is a Northern European peninsula that consists of Denmark’s continental portion as well as part of northern Germany.
  • The country has a total of 1,419 offshore islands (having a land area of more than 100 square meters) out of which 443 are named islands. The largest islands are Zealand, North Jutlandic Island, Funen, Lolland, Bornholm, Falster, and many more.

Two overseas territories are also part of Denmark:

  • Greenland (the largest island of the world located in the west of Denmark)
  • Faroe Islands (located in the North Atlantic Ocean)

Both of these territories are part of the Danish Realm are essentially self-governing in nature.
Most of Jutland’s terrain is flat. While slightly elevated ridge is there down the mainland’s central parts, in the eastern part of Jutland relatively hilly terrains are located. The picturesque lakes, as well as lush forests, can be found in East Jutland. However, the landforms in West Jutland are characterized by plains, open lands, peat bogs, and heaths. A large unique international coastal region of Wadden Sea is located in Southwest Jutland.

Overall, Denmark has a warm temperate humid climate. In the warmest months, the temperature remains lower than 22°C on average. In four or more months, the temperature remains above 10°C on average. Throughout Denmark, the climate is a mixture of 3 European climatic zone influences (Continental influence in the east, Atlantic influence in the west, and Borea influence in the north). Rain is evenly distributed across the year. In some parts of Jutland, the yearly precipitation is more than 900 mm. However, in The Great Belt (located between Jutland and Seeland), the yearly precipitation is below 500 mm. While winters (October-March) are quite cold (15 – 30°C below zero), summertime (May-August) is quite pleasant (with the daytime temperature remaining little over 20 degrees C).

What is the Economy of Denmark?

Denmark has a developed economy, with the sixth-highest nominal GDP per capita. In 2018, the Gross Domestic Product (nominal) of the country was estimated at $370 billion, while the GDP per capita was $63,829 (IMF, 2018). Denmark has large reserves of oil and natural gas and is one of the net exporters of crude oil. Services sector is the largest sector of the Danish economy that contributes 75% to the GDP. Industry contributes 15% while agricultural sector has considerably declined to 2%. Wind turbines, pharmaceuticals, medical equipment, machinery and transport, food processing (meat products, fish and dairy products) and construction constitute its major industries. Goods and services constitute major exports from the country. Imported raw materials and foreign trade account for the heavy industrialized sector of the country. Tourism is a significant part of the economy with Tivoli Gardens, Lego Land, Hans Christian Andersen’s House and Museum, and the Viking Ship Museum being the major attractions. Denmark is a part of the European Union. Its major export partners are Germany, Sweden, Norway and the United Kingdom. Germany, Sweden, Netherlands, China and Norway are its major import partners, as per the World Bank. Its balance of payments position is very comfortable, and income inequality is sought to be reduced through high taxes, social security measures and public cash transfers. The unemployment in Denmark stood at 5% (World Bank, 2018).

What is the Transportation System of Denmark?

Denmark has 10 registered carriers and 80 airports. It has a total of 3,476 km of railways, and 74,558 km of road length. Its waterways are 400 km long, and it has a total fleet of 668 cargo ships of all types, due to its export-oriented economy. Aarhus, Copenhagen, Fredericia, Kalundborg are its major seaports in Baltic sea. Copenhagen is also famous for cruises.

What International Organizations is Denmark part of?

ADB (nonregional member), AfDB (nonregional member), Arctic Council, Australia Group, BIS, CBSS, CD, CE, CERN, EAPC, EBRD, ECB, EIB, EITI (implementing country), ESA, EU, FAO, FATF, G-9, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC (national committees), ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IEA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IGAD (partners), IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC (NGOs), MIGA, MINUSMA, NATO, NC, NEA, NIB, NSG, OAS (observer), OECD, OPCW, OSCE, Paris Club, PCA, Schengen Convention, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNMIL, UNMISS, UNRWA, UNTSO, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO, ZC

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