About Arkansas Map : The map of Arkansas features the cities of the state, the borders, and its neighboring states. It also highlights the various roadways and railways within the state.
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History of Arkansas
It was the Spaniard, Hernando de Soto, who was among the first explorer to set his foot in the region. This was followed by the brief visit of such French explorers as Jacques Marquette and Louis Jolliet, who travelled along the Mississippi to the Arkansas River. At that time the area was occupied by a number of Native American groups like Quapaw, Osage, and Caddo.
Arkansas joined hands with the Territory of Missouri in the year 1812. There entered a fresh set of settlers following the boom in cotton. The area became a separate entity on 4 July 1819, when the Territory of Arkansas was structured. After two years, in 1821, the capital was moved from Arkansas Post to Little Rock. By 1836, when the population of Arkansas Territory rose to 60,000 (a necessary requirement to become a state), they applied for statehood. The Congress approved the Arkansas Constitution and on 15 June 1836, Arkansas was declared as the 25th state in the United States.
The state flourished in the next span of thirty years. The population increased and along with it there surfaced a significant number of doctors, lawyers, missionaries, farmers, merchants, and teachers. Following its decision to withdraw from the Union, Arkansas became heavily involved in the Civil War in May 1861. Arkansas played a big role by providing weapons, food, clothing, and horses for the soldiers. There began a period of reconstruction after the end of the Civil War in 1865.
Following the Military Reconstruction Act, the Congress restored Arkansas into the Union in 1868. Schools, colleges, and universities opened and with that the population of the state also doubled. The 20th century saw more advancement in the state in terms of the growth in new technologies and machineries. It is recognized today for being a leader in the production of cotton, soybeans, and rice and for possessing the country’s only active diamond mine.
Situated in the southern region of the United States, Arkansas is bordered by Louisiana to the south, Texas to the southwest, Missouri to the north, Mississippi and Tennessee to the east, and Oklahoma to the west. Covering a total area of 53,179 square miles, Arkansas ranks 29 in the list of the largest states of the United States.
The state’s highest point is Magazine Mountain, which stands at an altitude of 2,753 feet above sea level. The lowest point of the state is Ouachita River located at 55 feet above sea level. The major rivers of the state are Arkansas River and Mississippi River and the major lakes are Lake Ouachita and Bull Shoals Lake.
The land of Arkansas can be categorized into five main land regions; Arkansas Valley, Ozark Plateau, Mississippi Alluvial Plain, Ouachita Mountains, and the West Gulf Coastal Plain. The highlands constitute the northern and western part of the state whereas the lowlands comprise of the eastern and southern part of the state.
The average temperature per month fluctuates from a high of 93.6 degree Fahrenheit to a low of 26.6 degree Fahrenheit. The highest recorded temperature was 120 degree Fahrenheit, which was experienced on 10 August 1936 at Ozark. The lowest temperature was recorded on 13 February 1905 at Pond. The temperature was –29 degree Fahrenheit.
Aptly nicknamed “The Natural State,” Arkansas’ natural richness is one of a kind. Arkansas was also knows as 'The Land of Opportunity'. The state abounds in natural beauty, museums, amusement parks, and outdoor activities making it a perfect place for travelers of all ages. Arkansas’ ‘must see’ tourist spots are:
- Arkansas Arts Center, Little Rock
- Crystal Bridges Museum of American Art
- Ozark Mountains
- Little Rock Zoo
- Eureka Springs Downtown Historic District
- Crater of Diamonds State Park
- Hot Springs National Park
- Magic Springs and Crystal Falls
- Mount Magazine State Park
- Bull Shoals-White River State Park
Last Updated on : Sept 10, 2014
Joined the UnionJun 15, 1836
NicknameThe Natural State
Largest CityLittle Rock
Area53,179 sq mi.
Highest PointMagazine Mountain
Lowest PointOuachita River
Time ZoneCentral: (UTC-06:00)