Arkansas is the 25th state of the U.S. By area, it is the 29th biggest state in the nation. The capital of Arkansas is Little Rock and it is also the biggest city. It achieved statehood on June 15, 1836 and the people of Arkansas are known as Arkansans. Get familiar with Arkansas facts and trivia to know more about the state.
Official LanguagesEnglish ( Spoken : According to the 20062008 American Community Survey English 93.8%, Spanish 4.5%, Indo-European languages 0.7%, Asian language 0.8%, and 0.2% spoke other languages.
Time ZoneCentral: UTC 6/5
Lt. GovernorTim Griffin
U.S. SenatorJohn Boozman, Tom Cotton
AbbreviationAR, Ark US-AR
Joined the UnionJune 15, 1836 (25th)
NicknameThe Natural State
Highest PointMagazine Mountain
Lowest PointOuachita River
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Location and Geography: Arkansas is a state located in the American South directly above Louisiana, bordering the Mississippi River. The river’s waters seasonally flood much of the state, making the land rich for agricultural development. Beautiful remote locations, hot springs, and cave systems also serve as a tourist draw.
Counties and Regions: Arkansas has been divided into 75 counties, but its diverse natural topography has also divided it into the following general regions:
The Delta (of the Mississippi River)
Population: Nearly three million people live in Arkansas, making it in the bottom third of the nation’s most populous states. It is known for having many remote areas with little to no human habitation, making it a favorite of nature-lovers and explorers.
Major Cities: Little Rock, located in the center of the state, is both Arkansas’s capital and its largest city. The population of the city is nearly 200,000, while more than 870,000 people live in the greater metropolitan area.
Story Behind the Name: The term “Arkansas,” in which the last syllable is pronounced the same way as the word “saw,” comes from a French interpretation of the name of the Native American tribe that originally lived in the area.
History and Colonization: The modern state of Arkansas was first discovered by Spanish explorers in the sixteenth century, who were eventually followed by French explorers in later centuries. The Native
Americans who lived there were eventually pushed out, but Arkansas served as a temporary home for many native tribes from the east as they were forced westwards along the Trail of Tears. As industrialized white society expanded past the Mississippi River, it pushed most Native Americans farther to the west, away from Arkansas and into Oklahoma.
The Territory of Arkansas joined the United States as a slave state in the 1830s, and contributed many troops to both the contemporary Texas Revolution and the following Mexican-American War. During the Civil War, despite being a Southern state, Arkansas did not wish to participate until a call for troops by Abraham Lincoln forced it to declare its loyalty to the Confederacy. After the Confederacy’s defeat, the time of Reconstruction proved difficult for Arkansas, both economically and politically.
Arkansas was the site of a fierce internal battle during the Brooks-Baxter War of 1874. As the Republican Party had taken control during Reconstruction, it split into two factions over the result of a gubernatorial election. Supporters of both men fought openly, and many people died. The chaos did not end until President Ulysses S. Grant sent in national troops to settle the matter. After this intervention, a new Constitution of Arkansas was drawn up that effectively ended the period of Reconstruction in the state.
Many decades later, in the 1950s, Arkansas would be the location of one of the most memorable moments of the African-American Civil Rights Movement. Several black students, known as the “Little Rock Nine,” were admitted to a previously all-white school. Mobs of people threatened them and refused to allow them to attend, and President Dwight D. Eisenhower was compelled to send in the armed forces to allow the integration to happen. Race relations have since improved in Arkansas, both with the passage of time and as a growing tourist economy has begun to replace the farming traditions there.
More Arkansas Facts & Trivia
Altitudes in Arkansas vary from 2,753 feet above sea level at Mount Magazine to 54 feet above sea level in the distant southeastern end of the state. Mount Magazine is the tallest peak of the state.
One of the biggest municipal parks in the country is situated at North Little Rock.
The society of Mountain View is nicknamed the Folk Capital of America. The small township maintains the innovative lifestyle and exhibits it for tourists from March through October at the Ozark Folk Center State Park.
The path to the White House for U.S. President William Jefferson Clinton started in Hope. Subsequently, he toured Hot Springs, Fayetteville, and Little Rock.
The state houses more than 600,000 acres of lagoons and 9,700 miles of watercourses and streams.
Arkansas is home to six national parks, seven national scenic trails, 2.5 million acres of national forests, 50 state parks, and three state scenic byroads.
The Quapaw Quarter is one of the best renovation ventures in the United States. It boasts some of oldest constructions in Little Rock such as Victorian and non-modern residences, MacArthur Park, cathedrals, and the Old Arsenal.
Mountain View houses one of the biggest producers of hand-crafted stringed instruments in the world.
From the 1830s, luminaries as varied as Babe Ruth, Franklin D. Roosevelt, and Al Capone have taken a bath at the place currently named as Hot Springs National Park. The park is fully encircled by the Hot Springs City, which was the childhood residence of U.S. President Bill Clinton.
Crater of Diamonds State Park is situated just away from Murfreesboro. It permits enthusiastic miners to look for valuable stones such as amethyst, diamonds, jasper, garnet, quartz, and agate.
The official state bird is the mockingbird. It was adopted in 1929.
Clark Bluff looks over the St. Francis River. The area is a major resource of calcium carbonate and delivered the country for an extensive period.
Kingsland is the hometown of the notable artist Johnny Cash.
The official state flower is the apple blossom and it was adopted in 1901.
The Magnet Cove area houses around 102 types of minerals.
Every year, the Championship Duck Calling Contest of the World takes place in Stuttgart.
Sam Walton established his Wal-Mart outlets in Bentonville.
Mount Ida is nicknamed the Quartz Crystal Capital of the World.
On June 15, 1836, Arkansas was admitted to the Union as the 25th state.
The official state tree is the pine tree. It was adopted in 1939.
Pine Bluff is noted for being the global hub for archery bow manufacturing.
Camden is the place where the Battle of Poison Springs and Fort Lookout Conflict took place.
The official state mineral is Bauxite, which was adopted in 1967.
Alma is nicknamed the Spinach Capital of the World.
Little River County Federal Court is renowned all over the world for its Christmas lights show.
Little Rock is the birthplace of General Douglas MacArthur, fighter and national leader. He was born here in 1880.
Arkansas Post was set up in close proximity to the mouth of the Arkansas River in 1686. It was the oldest long-term white colony in the state.
The geographical core of Arkansas lies in Pulaski, which is located 12 miles northwest to Little Rock.
Fairfield Bay City is located on the northern coast of Greers Ferry Lake, a mountainous lagoon of dazzling waters in the heart of Arkansas, which spans 40,000 acres.
In 1907, the University of Central Arkansas was established in Conway.
In the month of January, the average temperature is 39.5 degrees, and in July, it is 81.4 degrees. The yearly average temperature is 61.7 degrees. The average snowfall is 5.2 inches and the average precipitation is 48.52 inches.
Texarkana is the birthplace of Scott Joplin, the famous singer and songwriter.
The official state gemstone is the diamond. It was adopted in 1967.
Arkansas is nicknamed The Natural State.
The most extensive river to run into the Mississippi-Missouri river network is the Arkansas River. The river is 1,450 miles long.
The official state fruit is the South Arkansas Vine Ripe Pink Tomato. It was adopted in 1987.
The official state drink is milk. It was adopted in 1985.
The biggest self-supporting stony structure situated in Eureka Springs has a perimeter of approximately 10 inches at its foundation. The pinnacle of the structure gauges about 10 feet from corner to corner.
The official state flower is the apple blossom. It was adopted in 1901.
The oldest national forest in the Southern United States is the Ouachita National Forest.
The lowest point in Arkansas is situated beside the Ouachita River.
The name of the state was derived from French explanation of Acansa, a Sioux term, which stands for downriver site.
The demonym of Arkansas is Arkansan.
The official state insect is the honeybee. It was adopted in 1973.
The Colbert Raid took place at Arkansas Post in 1783. The event was the sole Revolutionary War encounter in the state.
The Buffalo River is one of the limited numbers of uncontaminated, free-running torrents in the lower 48 states of the U.S.
The official state musical instrument is the fiddle. It was adopted in 1985.
47 Fountains run from the southwestern incline of Hot Springs Mountain and its average temperature is 143˚ F.
The Ozark National Forest encompasses over one million acres.
The official state rock is the quartz crystal. It was adopted in 1967.