The total area of the country is 45,406 square miles. As per the 2011 estimate the appoximate population of Eritrea is 5,824,000.
Asmara is the capital city. Covering a total area of 4,694.3 square miles and home to an estimated 649,000 people, it is the largest city in Eritrea. Because of its quintessential Italian touch, the city is also regarded as "New Rome" or "Italy's African City".
Eritrea was part of the Ottoman Empire in the sixteenth century, and later passed into the hands of the Egyptians. In 1885, the coastal areas of Eritrea were captured by the Italians. Further, the signing of the Treaty of Uccialli on May 2, 1889 granted Italy sovereignty over Eritrea.
Eritrea has a single party provisional government and Isaias Afewerki is the current President of the country. He assumed office on May 24, 1993.
The economy of Eritrea relies on subsistence agriculture. Primary industries include agriculture, forestry, and fishing. Malaysia, Italy, United States of America, Turkey, Russia and the United Kingdom are the major trading partners.