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What are the Key Facts of Pakistan? | Pakistan Facts - Answers

Questions answered : 1280||Last updated on : August 22nd, 2019 At 09:16am (ET)
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What are the Key Facts of Pakistan?

Pakistan Map
Map of Pakistan which lies in the Continent of Asia

Official Name

Islamic Republic of Pakistan

Continent

Asia

Capital

Islamabad

Largest City

Karachi

Coordinates

30.000000, 70.000000

Area

307,374 sq mi ( 796,095 sq km)

Land Boundaries

4,237 mi ( 6,819 km)

Coastline

650 mi ( 1,046 km)

Currency

Pakistani rupee (₨) (PKR)

Neighboring Countries

India, Afghanistan, Iran

Population

212,742,631 (2017 census)

Official Languages

English, Urdu

Major Religion

Islam

National Day

14 August (Independence Day)

National Anthem

“Qaumi Tarana”

Form of Government

Federal parliamentary constitutional republic

President

Arif Alvi

Prime Minister

Imran Khan

GDP per capita (PPP)

$ 5,543.9 (World Bank, 2018)

GDP per capita (nominal)

$ 1,472.9 (World Bank, 2018)

HDI

0.562 (2017), Rank: 150

Literacy Rate (%)

NA

Space Agency

Pakistan Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission (SUPARCO)

Military Expenditure Ranking

18 (SIPRI, 2017)

No. of Olympic Medals

10 (as of 2018)

Driving Side

left

Calling Code

+92

Time Zone

UTC+5 (PST)

Internet TLD

.pk

Where is Pakistan?

Pakistan is located in southern Asia, just above the tropic of Cancer. It is bordered to the south by the Arabian Sea, India to the east and north, Iran and Afghanistan to the west.

What is the Geography of Pakistan?

To begin with, Pakistan is spread across a total area of 796,095 sq. km (307,374 sq. mi) (excluding the illegally occupied territories of India) out of which 770,875 sq. km (297,637 sq. mi) is land area and 25,220 sq. km (9,737 sq. mi) is water area. It shares 6,819 km (4,237 mi) long border with 3 neighboring countries: India (3,190 km or 1,982 mi), Afghanistan (2,670 km or 1,659 mi) and Iran (959 km or 596 mi). Pakistan has a 1,046 km (650 mi) long coastline.

The average elevation of the country is 900 m (2953 ft). While the highest point is the K2 mountain at 8,611 m (28,251 ft), the lowest elevation point is the sea level at Arabian Sea. Other major mountains in the country are Nanga Parbat, Gasherbrum I & II, Broad Peak, Broad Peak Central, etc. Most notable rivers are Indus River, Chenab, Sutlej, and others.

Generally, there are 3 major geographical regions in Pakistan: the highlands in the northern parts of Pakistan, the Indus River plain in the eastern and central Pakistan, and the Balochistan Plateau in the western and southern Pakistan. The Thar Desert is located in the eastern parts of the country.

For instance, Karakoram, Pamir, and Hindu Kush mountain ranges (includes the highest mountain peaks such as K2 and Nanga Parbat) are located in the northern highlands. The Indus River is 1,609 km (1,000 mi) long and its tributaries are the lifelines of Pakistan. In the Punjab and Sindh provinces, the large expanse of alluvial plains can be found.

Additionally, as Pakistan is located just above the tropic of Cancer, it comes within the temperate zone. The climatic conditions vary from tropical to temperate. In the coastal areas, the arid climatic condition is prevalent. While the monsoon gets adequate rainfall, the dry season gets lesser rainfall.

Moreover, the extent of rainfall per year varies significantly (from less than 10 in to more than 150 in) in accordance with the various regions in Pakistan. While the coastal areas along the Arabian Sea generally remain warmer, the mountainous ranges (such as Karakoram Range having snow-capped ridges) in the far north remain cold throughout the year.

Therefore, 4 seasons are found in Pakistan. Winter season prevails from December-to-February. The temperature remains mild, characterized by the cool and dry climate. Spring season lasts from March-to-May. It is characterized by a hot and dry climate. The rainy season lasts from June-to-September, followed by the retreating monsoon from October-to-November.

What is the Economy of Pakistan?

In 2018, Pakistan’s nominal GDP was US$312.57 billion and it was growing at an annual rate of 5.43%. The accommodative fiscal and monetary policies have fuelled higher consumption, generating the requisite growth of the economy.

However, these policies have also widened the macroeconomic imbalances. In 2018, both the current account deficit and the fiscal deficit (excluding foreign grants) increased to 6.1% and 6.6% respectively. Exports have suffered while there is a steady increase in imports. This has led to increased trade deficit. Also, the Pakistani Rupee’s cumulative depreciation during the period from July 2018 to March 2019 was 13.9%.

The service sector contributes 61.2% to the GDP, followed by the industrial (20.3%) and the agricultural (18.5%) sectors. However, the worrying feature is that around 37.4% of the labor force is still involved in agriculture, which is significantly more than that of the industrial sector (24%). Only 38.6% of the labor force is involved in services.

During July 2018 – January 2019, large scale manufacturing (accounting for 65% of the total industrial output) has fallen by 2.3%. The unemployment rate was hovering around 5.7% in 2017-18. The country has reduced poverty significantly in the last one decade (from 50.4% in 2005-06 to 24.3% in 2015-16). But, Pakistan’s Economic Survey 2018 has revealed that the extent of poverty reduction has been more prominent in urban areas than the rural ones.

What is the Transportation System of Pakistan?

The transport industry in Pakistan accounts for over 10% of the GDP. The most important transportation in the country is roadways. The total length of roadways is 263,775 km (163,902 mi), out of which only 185,063 km (114,993 mi) is paved (including expressways of 708 km or 440 mi). A substantial part of the roadways is still unpaved.

There are 151 airports available in Pakistan, out of which 108 have paved runways and 43 have unpaved runways. 23 heliports are also present. Only 11,881 km (7,383 mi) of railway tracks are there in Pakistan. While most of them are broad gauge (11,492 km or 7,141 mi), only 389 km (242 mi) are narrow gauge railway tracks. The country has two major seaports: Karachi and Port Muhammad Bin Qasim.

What International Organizations is Pakistan part of?

WTO, IMF, ADB, NAM, ARF, WHO, C, SAARC, CICA, ILO, CP, UN, D-8, ECO, UNESCO, FAO, UNCTAD, G-11, G-24, G-77, UNHCR, IAEA, IBRD, UNIDO, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, Interpol, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, IMO, IMSO, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, MIGA, MINURSO, MONUSCO, OIC, OPCW, PCA, SACEP, UNAMID, UNMIL, UNOCI, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WIPO, WMO, ASEAN (dialogue partner), ICC (national committees), ITUC (NGOs), SCO (observer), OAS (observer), WFTU (NGOs)

Related Links:

Related Maps:
Map of World Depicting Location of Pakistan
Location of Pakistan
Asia Map
Asia Map

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