Hawaii Physical Map
Located in the Pacific Ocean, the Hawaiian archipelago was formed by volcanic activities initiated at the region known as the Hawaii hotspot. The islands are separated by channels or passages such as ‘Alenuihāhā Channel, Kealaikahiki Channel, and Kalohi Channel. There are eight main Hawaiian islands:
- Hawai’i (The Big Island)
- Maui (The Valley Isle)
- O’ahu (The Gathering Place)
- Kaua’i (The Garden Isle)
- Lāna’i (The Pineapple Isle)
- Ni’ihau (The Forbidden Isle)
- Kaho’olawe (The Target Isle)
The Northwest Hawaiian Islands, a group of nine smaller islands, lie northwest of Kaua’i island. These islands are remnants of once much larger chain of volcanic mountains.
Comprising 62% of overall area, the island of Hawaii is the largest in the Hawaiian archipelago. The island features the tallest mountain in Hawaii, Mauna Kea at 4,205 meters above the sea level. It is also a dormant volcano. When measured from its base at the Pacific Ocean, Mauna Kea is taller than Mount Everest. The island is home to a number of volcanic peaks including Kohala, Hualālai, Kīlauea, and Mauna Loa &minus which is within Hawai’i Volcanoes National Park. As Mauna Loa and Kīlauea are active volcanoes, the island is still growing when lava transforms into land. Ka Lae on the Big Island is the southernmost point of the 50 United States.
The island of Maui is noted for its unique geological and topographical features. The O&aps;ahu isle is made of two separate shield volcanoes: Wai’anae and Ko’olau. At nearly six million years old, Kaua’i is the oldest of all Hawaiian islands. It features the 914-m-deep Waimea Canyon, often cited as The Grand Canyon of the Pacific. Moloka’i island is home to one of the highest sea cliffs in the world.
The state of Hawaii has two national parks: Haleakalā National Park located on the island of Maui, and Hawaii Volcanoes National Park on the Hawai’i Island. Moreover, there are three national historical parks in Hawaii: Kalaupapa National Historical Park, Kaloko-Honokōhau National Historical Park, and Pu’uhonua o Hōnaunau National Historical Park.