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World Sand and Gravel Producing Countries



World Sand and Gravel Producing Countries Map
Description : The map showing major Sand and Gravel Producing Countries in World. Disclaimer







Sand and gravel are the two most accessible natural resources that have been used since the earliest days of civilization mostly as a construction material. Comprising of silica, usually in the form of quartz, sand is a naturally occurring granular material. It is made up of finely divided rock and mineral particles.
Gravel is a commercial product composed of unconsolidated rock fragments. It has a variety of uses and applications. Gravel is most used to surface roads; Russia has over 250,000 miles of gravel-surfaced roads.

Both sand and small gravel are essential for the manufacture of concrete and building of roads.

The World Map of sand and gravel producers shows a list of the countries that produce sand and gravel in large quantities. As the data in the map shows, the United States is the largest producer of sand and gravel; in 2010, the country produced 26,500 thousand metric tonnes of the materials. Italy ranks second with an annual production of over 1.4 million metric tonnes. The third place is occupied by Germany.

Other major countries producing sand and gravel include the United Kingdom, Australia, France, Spain, Poland, Japan, Mexico, South Africa, Finland, Belgium, Egypt, India, Iran, Norway, Austria, Chile, Czech Republic, Turkey, Canada, Gambia, Bulgaria, Slovakia, South Korea, and Hungary.

There have been serious environmental concerns regarding the use of sand. The many sand uses require a significant dredging industry, which is a cause for fish depletion, landslides, and flooding. Export of sand has been banned in countries such as China, Indonesia, Malaysia and Cambodia.


Major Producers of Sand and Gravel in world-2010
CountryProduction in Thousand Metric Tonnes
UnitedStates26,500
Italy14,000
Germany6,500
UnitedKingdom5,600
Australia5,200
France5,000
Spain5,000
Poland4,350
Japan3,500
Mexico2,800
SouthAfrica2,300
Finland2,240
Belgium1,800
Egypt1,750
India1,700
Iran1,500
Norway1,500
Austria1,500
Chile1,400
CzechRepublic1,370
Turkey1,300
Canada1,300
Gambia1,100
Bulgaria650
Slovakia620
South Korea450
Hungary290
Othercountries6600

Last updated On : December 20, 2012



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