Mexico History

Historic Background :

Long before Europeans reached Mexico, it was occupied by natives of advanced civilizations including Aztecs, Mayan, Toltec, Zapotec, Teotihuacan, and Olmec.

In 1519, Hernando Cortes and a crew of Spanish soldiers sailed to Mexico in search of treasure, and by 1521 they had defeated and conquered the Aztec Empire with their military skills and weapons. For the next 300 years, it remained a colony of Spain, until the Mexicans revolt in 1810. Their independence was recognized only after the signing of Treaty of Cordoba in 1821.

Unfortunately, after achieving independence, Mexico faced a lack of expertise in the running of a country, and struggled to gain political stability. In the forty years following independence, 56 governments, several dictators, two emperors, and many presidents reigned. Mexico lost some of its territories between 1836 and 1848, including Texas, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, parts of Arizona and California to the United States.

In 1855, Benito Juarez, an upcoming political leader at the time, administered reforms by passing a series of laws. Between 1858 and 1861 civil war broke out in the country; after the war ended, Juarez was elected president in 1861. In 1867, France withdrew its troops from the country and Juarez remained president. Juarez died in 1872, and Dictator Porfirio Diaz became his successor. The Mexican Revolution began in 1910, and by 1917 a new constitution was established. In 1921, the National Revolutionary party was established. After the Second World War, the government emphasized economic growth, and in 1994 Mexico joined the USA and Canada in signing North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA).

Last Updated on: January 12th, 2018