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Facts about Honduras

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Where is Honduras?
Honduras is a republican country located in central America.

What is the capital of Honduras?
Tegucigalpa, commonly referred as Tegus is the capital of Honduras. The capital houses all the government buildings of the country, as it is the seat of government of the Republic. With a population of 1,126,534, Tegucigalpa is Honduras' most-populous city. The city serves as the political and administrative center of the nation.

What countries border Honduras?
Honduras is bordered by Guatemala on the west, El Salvador on the south-west, Nicaragua on the south-east, the Pacific Ocean at the Gulf of Fonseca on the south, and to the north by the Gulf of Honduras, a large inlet of the Caribbean Sea.

How big is Honduras?
Honduras covers a total area of 43,278 square miles. As estimated in 2010, the country had a total population of 8,249,574.

What are the ethnic groups in Honduras?
Honduras has a population of 7.48 million. The majority of the population (90 percent) is made up of the "mestizo" (mixed Amerindian and European). Amerindians make up seven percent of the total population while there are significant numbers of blacks and whites as well. There are also some Palestinians in the country and a few south-east Asians like Chinese, Japanese, and Koreans.

What are the administrative divisions of Honduras?
Honduras is divided into eighteen departments that are headed by a separate governor. The governors are appointed by the President of Honduras.

Who are the political leaders of Honduras?
The government of Honduras is a constitutional republic.

President - Juan Orlando Hernandez
Vice President - Maria Antonieta de Bogran
President of the National Congress - Mauricio Oliva Herrera

What currency is used in Honduras?
The lempiras denoted by the ISO 4217 code HNL is the official currency of Honduras. It is subdivided into 100 centavos. The lempira has been the national currency since 1931. Before lempira, peso was the official currency of Honduras.

What is the official language of Honduras?
The official language of Honduras is Spanish. The other languages spoken in the country include Garifuna, Arabic, English, and Miskito.

What is the religion of Honduras?
The official religion of Honduras is Christianity. Roman Catholicism is the largest denomination followed by the members of Anglican, Presbyterian, Methodist, Seventh-day Adventist, and Lutheran churches. There are also a few Buddhists, Jews, Muslims, and members of the Baha'i, and Rastafari faith.

What is the economy of Honduras like?
Honduras is the sixth-poorest developed country in Latin America with over 3.7 million people below the poverty line. More than 1.2 million people are unemployed. The country has gold, silver, lead and zinc mines but theses are owned by foreign companies. Agriculture is the most important sector; bananas, mangoes, palm oil, corn, beans, rice, citrus fruit, and beef are the major agricultural products. The major imports of the country include machinery, transportation equipment, raw materials, chemicals, fuels, and foodstuffs. The leading trade partner of Honduras is the United States followed by Guatemala and El Salvador.

When is the national day of Honduras celebrated?
The national day of Honduras is celebrated on the 15th of September every year. The day is declared a national holiday and is celebrated to commemorate the country's independence from the Kingdom of Spain on September 15, 1821.

Interesting facts about Honduras

Fact 1Honduras means "Great Depths."
Fact 2People have inhabited the Mosquito Coast of Honduras for at least 3,000 years
Fact 3Christopher Columbus was the first explorer to land in Honduras.
Fact 4At the Mayan city of Copan, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, there is a set of hieroglyphic stairs that tell the story of the rulers of Copan
Fact 5The five stars on the Honduras flag represent the five countries of Central America, with Honduras as the center star because of its central location
Fact 6Honduras marks the southern border line of Mesoamerica as defined by Paul Kirchoff in 1943.
Fact 7Honduran money is called the Lempira, named after a native who died fighting the Spaniards
Fact 8The seemingly indigenous figure on Honduran money is in fact a North American Native American Indian
Fact 9Honduras was the first country to be called a "Banana Republic," which was coined by the writer O. Henry
Fact 10Scarlet macaws were sacred to the Mayans. The scarlet macaw is the national bird of Honduras
Fact 11The national flower of Honduras is the orchid Rhyncholaelia digbyana (formerly known as Brassavola digbyana) which replaced the rose in 1969.
Fact 12There is an annual phenomena in Yoro of fish falling from the sky, a.k.a. "rain of fishes" or "Lluvia de peces," which happens between May and July
Fact 13The main exports of Honduras are coffee, bananas, and wood
Fact 14Honduras is 80% mountainous
Fact 15The Patuca River is infamous within Honduras for a section of rapids known as "El Portal del Infierno" or "The Gates of Hell."
Fact 16The archaeological site of Puerto Escondido in Honduras has early evidence of the use of cacao at circa 1150 B.C.
Fact 17The capital of Honduras is composed of two cities: Tegucigalpa and Comayagueela. 
Fact 18There are no active volcanoes in Honduras, and there is only one natural lake: Lake Yojoa.
Fact 19Honduras was formerly known as Spanish Honduras in order to differentiate itself from Belize, which had been known as British Honduras.
Fact 20With the amount of Bay Island coral reefs, Honduras is the second country in the world with more coral reefs after Australia.
Fact 21September 10th is known as the Day of the Child. It is a special day for all Honduran children, who are given gifts and allowed to get sweets when they break the 'piñata'.
Fact 22Hondurans eat corn tortillas and tamales, often covered with a spicy salsa. Tropical fruits and coconut are also popular.
Fact 23Winston Palacios plays soccer for Stoke City in England. He is one of many successful Honduran footballers.
Fact 24The national mammal is the white-tailed deer, the national bird is the scarlet macaw.

Last Updated on: February 08, 2016

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