What are the Key Facts of Oregon? | Oregon Facts - Answers

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What are the Key Facts of Oregon?

Map of Oregon
Map of Oregon which lies in the northwest region of the USA



State Capital


Largest City



44°N 120.5°W


The Beaver State”

Postal Abbreviation



98,381 sq. mi (254,806 sq. km)

Highest Point

Mount Hood, 11,249 ft (3,428.8 m)

Neighboring States

Washington, California, Nevada, Idaho

Number of Counties



4,217,737 (2019)

Date of entering the Union

February 14, 1859

State Anthem

Oregon, My Oregon”


Kate Brown (Democrats)

Secretary of State

Bev Clarno (Republicans)

U.S. senators

Ron Wyden (Democrats), Jeff Merkley (Democrats)

U.S. House delegation

4 Democrats, 1 Republican

GDP (millions of dollars)




Time Zones

Primary UTC−08:00 (Pacific), Summer (DST) UTC−07:00 (PDT); primary for Malheur County UTC−07:00 (Mountain), Summer (DST) UTC−06:00 (MDT)

Where is Oregon?

Oregon is in the Pacific Northwest region on the West Coast of the US. It entered the union of the USA on February 14, 1859, as the 33rd state. Washington surrounds the state on the north, California on the south, Nevada to the southeast, and Idaho to the east. The Pacific region bounds it on the west. Salem is the capital of Oregon.

What is the Geography of Oregon?

Oregon spreads across a total area of 98,381 sq. mi (254,806 sq. km), out of which 95,997 sq. mi (248,849 sq. km) is the land area while 2,384 sq. mi (6,177 sq. km) is covered underwater. Water bodies constitute 2.4% of the total area. It is the ninth-largest state in the US in terms of area.

Oregon’s mean elevation is 3,300 ft (1,000 m) above sea level. The highest elevation point of the state is Mount Hood at 11,249 ft (3,428.8 m) while the lowest elevation point of the state is Pacific Ocean 0 ft (0 m).

Deschutes River is the longest river in the state, and its length is 252 mi (405 km). Several rivers pass through the state, such as Bear Creek, Blitzen River, Burnt River, Butter Creek, Clackamas River, Columbia River, Coquille River, Crooked River, Deschutes River, Donner Und, Grande Ronde River, and many more.

The state is also famous for lakes, some significant lakes of the state are- Upper Klamath Lake, Crater Lake, Lake Albert, Agate Lake, Blue River Reservoir, Strawberry Lake, etc.

The significant mountain in Oregon is Mount Hood, which is 11,249 ft high. It is a stratovolcano (potentially active), and it is the highest mountain in the state. Meanwhile, Mount Jefferson, South, North Sister, Sacajawea Peak, Steens Mountain, Aneroid Mountain are other prominent mountains in the state.

The state has an abundance of forests such as – Clatsop State Forest, Elliott State Forest, Gilchrist State Forest, Santiam State Forest, Sun Pass State Forest, Tillamook State Forest. The Willamette National Forest is considered one of the largest National Forests in the United States. Jory soils keep an essential pace in Oregon, which is productive for forest vegetation.

Crater Lake National Park is the only state’s national park.

The state divides into several geographical regions, such as – Oregon Coast (west of the Coast Range), the Willamette Valley, Rogue Valley, Cascade Range, Klamath Mountains, the Columbia Plateau, the High Desert, and the Blue Mountains.

The state is famous for several species, such as Humboldt’s flying squirrel, ringtail, northern flying squirrel, chum salmon, pacific fisher, coastal (Humboldt) marten, Columbian white-tailed deer, bull trout and many more.

Several kinds of birds are spotted in the state like American Robin, the black-capped chickadee, spotted towhee, American goldfinch, song sparrow, and many more.

Douglas-fir is the official state tree of the state, while Oregon Grape is the state’s official flower. The western meadowlark is the state’s bird, and the beaver has officially declared a state animal of this state.

What is the Climate of Oregon?

As per the Köppen climate classification, the western part of the state has a temperate oceanic climate while the climate of the southwestern area of Oregon is the Mediterranean, the northeastern part of the state has a steppe climate, and the weather in the east is semi-arid.

The state experiences wide variations in temperature. In summer the temperature remains 64°F (17.8°C) to 68°F (20°C) in July on the west coast while it is between 81°F (27.2°C) to 94°F (34.4°C) in the eastern part of Oregon. The winter in the state is chilly; the mercury dips 18°F (-7.8°C) in January while the temperature in the coastal region remains between 37°F (2.8°C) to 42°F (5.6°C).

Rainfalls in the state vary widely. The coastal regions register 80 inches (2032mm) to 90 inches (2286mm) of rain annually, which may touch up to 200 inches (5080mm) on the western slopes of the coast range. The state receives annual snowfall from 2 inches (50.8mm) along the coast to 12 inches (304.8mm) in the inland valleys, while the central part of the state gets 20 inches (508mm) of snow and eastern part receives 55 inches (1397mm) of snow. But the heaviest snowfall takes place in the Cascade Mountains.

What is the Economy of Oregon?

Agriculture plays a vital role in the economy of Oregon, and it is one of the leading agricultural states in the US. Wheat is the leading crop of the state. It produces massive amounts of dairy and poultry products such as milk, nursery stock, cattle, and calves. Apart from these berries, potatoes, eggs, onions, peppermint, cherries, hay, and sweet corn, and many more agricultural products are also grown extensively in the state. The abundance of hazelnuts, raspberries, blackberries, and loganberries are also grown in the state.

Commercial timber is another source of economic activity in the state. Oregon provides about 1/10th of the country’s lumber in the US.

The state is also known for metal-related industries and is famous for manufacturing machinery, aerospace, medical products, electrical equipment, and many more. World-famous shoemaker Nike is also located in Beaverton, Oregon.

What is the Transportation System in Oregon?

TriMet gives bus, light rail facilities to the commuters in Oregon’s city Portland. Several bus lines link with MAX (Metropolitan Area Express) Light Rail, along with WES Commuter Rail, Portland Streetcar, and the Portland Aerial Tram.

Route 1-5 is a well-known interstate highway. Apart from this OR 99E, OR 10, OR 99W, OR 99, I-84 are the major interstate highways.

Essential railroad facilities are available in the state. Some of the crucial railroads are BNSF Railway (BNSF), Central Oregon and Pacific Railroad, City of Prineville Railway, Clackamas Valley Railway, Coos Bay Rail Link, Frontier Rail, Goose Lake Railway, etc.

Oregon is well connected by air from the rest of the country. Some of the major commercial airports in the state are- Portland International (PDX), Eugene (EUG), Salem (SLE), Medford (MFR)., Pendleton (PDT), North Bend (OTH) and many more.

What is the origin of the name of “Oregon”?

The origin of the name Oregon is not clear. One theory suggests that the name comes from the French-Canadian word “ouragan” meaning “storm” or “hurricane.” Although, there is a doubt in its authenticity. Another theory tells that it might be named so because Jonathan Carver’s widely read Travels through the Interior Part of North America in 1778 had mentioned that he had got the knowledge of one of the rivers from the Indians that was “the Oregon, or River of the West.”

Why is Oregon called the “Beaver State”?

The state is also known as “Beaver State”. However, this is not the official name of the state. While the state was being settled at that time, the fur trade was the primary source of earning. Fur hats were in grand fashion, and Oregon streams were an essential source of beaver pelts. So, Oregon is also known as “Beaver State”.

What are the Popular Tourist Attractions in Oregon?

The most popular tourist destinations in the state are Crater Lake National Park. Crater Lake National Park, Columbia River Gorge National Scenic Area, Multnomah Falls, Cannon Beach., Washington Park, Portland, Mount Hood National Forest, Hood River, Waterfall in the Columbia River Gorge, Ski resort in northern Oregon. Apart from this, tourists can see several other things and enjoy a lot.

Related Links:

Related Maps:
Map of USA Depicting Location of Oregon
Location of Oregon
Oregon County Map
Oregon County Map
Map of the United States

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