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Delaware Facts

Delaware Facts

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Location and Geography: Delaware is the second-smallest state in the country, located on the East Coast and sharing a peninsula with the state of Maryland. It is surrounded by large cities and metropolitan areas, with much of the land area of Delaware being given over to suburbs.

Counties and Regions: Delaware has only three counties, all of them obviously named after places in England: Kent, New Castle, and Sussex. Being such a tiny state, it only has a few general geographic regions as well, which are the Delaware Coast, the Delaware Valley, and the Cape Region.

Population: Barely 900,000 people live in Delaware, giving it one of the smallest populations in terms of absolute numbers. Its population density, however, is quite high due to its small size, ranking it 6th in the nation.

Major Cities: The state capital, Dover, is the second-largest city in Delaware with more than 160,000 people in its metropolitan area (which is actually the entire county of Kent). The state’s largest city, Wilmington, is a part of the metropolitan area of Philadelphia, which all together encompasses more than six million people throughout several states.

Story Behind the Name: The name “Delaware” refers both to the state and to the Native American tribe that once lived there. It was named after a Baron called De la Warr, and truncated into its present form.

History and Colonization: Like other Native American groups that lived near the
eastern coastline, the natives of modern-day Delaware were decimated by disease and warfare early on. The arrival of European colonists and the growth of the fur trade sparked conflict and aggravated longstanding rivalries between the tribes, and the natives of Delaware ended up scattered and have since mostly disappeared.

The first European arrivals came from Scandinavia, as the Swedish and the Dutch founded competing colonies along the coast. Many of these colonies failed in the harsh conditions, but the Dutch were eventually victorious and claimed the region as New Netherland. Later, English explorers arrived and claimed the area for themselves, eventually defeating and absorbing the Dutch colonies.

During the colonial period, Delaware was considered to be a part of the Quaker colony of Pennsylvania, giving it crucial access to the sea. The people of Delaware and Pennsylvania did not share many cultural similarities, however, and the counties that formed Delaware peacefully seceded.

Delaware was one of the Thirteen Original Colonies that declared independence from Great Britain, although Loyalist sympathies tended to be relatively common there. It has, however, the distinction of being the first state to ratify the United States Constitution, making it technically the first state of the union. Delaware was always in favor of a strong, central constitution that privileged all states equally (being a small state, this was in its interest). Though it had been a slaveholding state, it stuck strongly with the Union during the years of the American Civil War.

Even though it is a densely populated state without much land mass, Delaware still manages to have a strong agricultural sector in its economy. Its corporate-friendly tax laws encourage the headquarters of many Fortune 500 companies to be located there, although the state still has problems with unemployment. Government and educational services comprise the bulk of jobs that the state has to offer.

More Delaware Facts & Trivia

Delaware is the 49th biggest state in the United States. The state was admitted to the Union on December 7, 1787 and is the 1st state of the country. The capital city of Delaware is Dover and the largest city is Wilmington. The demonym of Delaware is Delawarean. The state encompasses a total area of 2,490 sq miles. Know absorbing Delaware facts and trivia to better your knowledge.
1) Delaware was the first state to sign the Constitution of the United States. It was signed on December 7, 1787.

2) Delaware has a crescent-shaped boundary with Pennsylvania. This boundary was sketched during the period of the initial land endowments by the Duke of York and King Charles II to William Penn.

1) Delaware was the first state to sign the Constitution of the United States. It was signed on December 7, 1787.

2) Delaware has a crescent-shaped boundary with Pennsylvania. This boundary was sketched during the period of the initial land endowments by the Duke of York and King Charles II to William Penn.

3) The first planned steam railway system of the country started operating in New Castle in 1831.

4) The United States warship Delaware was equipped for service in 1910.

5) Delaware is the sole state that does not have any National Park System divisions like beaches, national parks, battlegrounds, historic locations, tombstones, and monuments.

6) Delmar is famous for being the small town too large for one state. The area has the characteristic of being situated in part in Maryland and in part in Delaware.

7) Barratt's Chapel is the most famous location in Frederica towards the east of the town. The chapel lies at the place where the Methodist Church of America was founded in 1784.

8) At present, around 500 heirs of the original Nanticoke Indians live in the state. Every September, they observe their legacy by the Nanticoke Indian Pow Wow.

9) The concept of cottage was derived from Finland. Finnish colonizers came to Delaware in the middle of the 17th century and carried with them designs for the cottage (log cabin), which is one of the everlasting icons of the American citizen. One of the cottages has been maintained and is put on show at the Delaware Agricultural Museum, Dover.

10) John Dickinson was known as the Penman of the Revolution because of his literary works on freedom. His childhood residence has been conserved in Dover.

11) There is a belief that the first time the historic flag of Betsy Ross was hoisted at the Battle of Cooch's Bridge. This famous location is situated on route 4 in Newark.

12) The official state bird is the Blue Hen chicken. The hens were well-known for their combating skills. On certain occasions, Delaware is denoted as the Blue Hen State.

13) The official state insect of Delaware is the Lady Bug.

14) Once the English devotees arrived at the territory, it took 11 long years to establish the first white colony in Delaware.

15) The automatic flour-mill technology was first invented by Oliver Evans of Newport in 1785 that modernized the industry.

16) The official state song is "Our Delaware". The lyricist is George Hynson and the composer is William Brown.

17) In terms of size, Delaware is the 49th biggest state in the country. It covers 1,982 sq miles. The length of the state is 96 miles and its width differs from 9 to 35 miles.

18) The tallest point in the state with an altitude of 442 feet above sea level is the Ebright Road in New Castle County. The lowest altitude is beside the shoreline at sea level.

19) Thomas Garret mislaid his whole wealth in his fight against slavery. A slave owner in Maryland filed a suit against Garret and he was subjected to a penalty for assisting a black family to escape. Throughout the span of his life, Garrett seemingly assisted over 2,000 escapee slaves to run across Delaware, a major station on the Underground Railroad.

20) The biggest shoreline resort township of the state is Rehoboth Beach. It was built by Methodists who bought the area for a summer campsite and gathering place.

21) The Fenwick Island Lighthouse is 87 feet tall and it was painted for an overall outlay of around $5.00 in 1880.

22) There were 12 observatories made of composite construction materials beside the seashore. They were built during the Second World War to defend the shoreline communities of the state from Nazi U-Boat strikes.

23) Fisher's popcorn is a popular shoreline caramel corn. It is imported to countries like Indonesia and Vietnam.

24) The official state tree is the American holly. The length can be as much as 60 feet and the width of the stem is 20 inches.

25) The official state flower of Delaware is the Peach Blossom. This flower has encouraged Delaware's epithet - The Peach State.

26) New Sweden was established as a settlement in 1638. It is acknowledged as the oldest long-term settlement on the land of Delaware.

27) Winterthur Museum, Garden and Library, houses one of the best naturalistic gardens in the world. It is located six miles northwest of Wilmington.

28) Hagley Museum was formerly known as the du Pont black powder manufactory, estate, and gardens.

29) The Coastal Heritage Greenway of Delaware is made up of a passageway of squares and plazas stretching beside 90 miles of seashore and covering the place in the middle of the state boundary at Fenwick Island and Fox Point State Park.

30) The biggest freshwater tidal marshland in north Delaware is the Thousand Acre Marsh. The Delaware and Chesapeake Channels edge the marshland.

31) In 1812, Port Penn was honored as the finest marina in the state.

32) Augustine Beach originated its name from Augustine Hermann. Hermann was a voyager from Bohemia who charted the Delmarva Peninsula and neighboring zones in the middle of the 17th century.

33) Odessa is home to one of the best compilations of late 18th century and early 19th century structural designs in the mid Atlantic area. The heart of the town is included in the National Register of Historic Places. The whole township is sectored as notable.

34) Barratt's Chapel is called the Cradle of Methodism. The chapel was constructed in 1780 and it is the oldest existing cathedral constructed by and for the Methodists in the country.

35) The Great Dune with an elevation of 80 feet is the tallest in the state. The dune lies at Cape Henlopen State Park, Lewes.

36) The border between Maryland and Delaware along with the Mason-Dixon Line split Delmar. A double cap stone sign was put up in 1768 as the southern corner for the sole North-South segment of the Mason-Dixon Line.

37) Many horseshoe crabs are found up and down the coasts of the state in the month of May. The crabs tolerate maximums of heat and salt. These creatures can live for 12 months without consuming anything and have not essentially evolved from the periods of the dinosaur.

38) The Du Pont Laboratories is the first to manufacture nylon at its Seaford facility. Due to this reason, the town is dubbed as the Nylon Capital of the World.

39) In respect to sportfishing's general leisure and financial inputs to the state and the particular importance of the weakfish (Cynoscion regalis) as a food and sport fish, the state government accepted the weakfish as the State fish in 1981. It is also called as gray trout, sea trout, yellow fin trout, yellow mouth, tiderunner, and squeteague.

40) The official state colors are the Colonial Buff and Blue.

41) The state was named after Lord de la Warr, who served as the first governor of Virginia.

42) The ear of corn, bundle of wheat, and the ox on the state seal represent the agricultural operations of old age Delaware.

43) The Indians in the state were one of the most developed clans of the eastern U.S.

44) New Castle County incorporates the biggest number of people and smallest size of the three counties in the state.

45) Delaware History Center in Wilmington is domiciled in a modernized, art deco previous Woolworth five-and-ten-cent outlet.

46) The newest tall vessel of the United States is ten stories tall and 139 feet in length. The leisure ship is known as the Kalmar Nyckel, which sailed on the Christina River in 1638.

47) Quaker trader Thomas Garret is assumed to be the reproduction for a Quaker cultivator in the book, "Uncle Tom's Cabin." Garret and eminent slavery eradication campaigner Harriett Tubman acted together with the anti-slavery groups in Delaware.

48) The width of the frying pan made in 1950, which was used at the Delmarva Chicken Festival is 10 feet and contains 800 chicken quarters and 180 gallons of oil.

49) The Delaware Breakwater at Cape Henlopen State Park was the oldest construction of its category in the Western Hemisphere.

50) The township of Milton derived its name in 1807 from John Milton, the renowned English bard.

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