Minnesota Facts

Minnesota is the 32nd state of the United States of America. The people of the state are known as Minnesotans. Minnesota achieved statehood on May 11, 1858. The capital of the state is St. Paul and the largest city is Minneapolis. Minnesota encompasses a total area of 86,939 sq miles, making it the 12th biggest state in the country.
Know exciting facts and trivia about Minnesota such as the state motto, the official fish, official flower, and others.

Quick Facts

Official Name Minnesota
Area86,939 sq mi (225,181 km2)
CapitalSaint Paul
Largest CityMinneapolis
Official LanguagesNone ( Native Language )
Time ZoneCentral: UTC 6/5
GovernorMark Dayton
Lt. GovernorTina Smith
U.S. SenatorAmy Klobuchar, Al Franken
AbbreviationMN, Minn. US-MN
Joined the UnionMay 11, 1858 (32nd)
NicknameNorth Star State
Highest PointEagle Mountain
Lowest PointLake Superior
Official Websitehttp://mn.gov/

Thumbnail of Minnesota Infographic

Click to view full Infographic

Location and Geography: Minnesota is located in a region called the Upper Midwest, along the United States border with Canada. It is actually the northernmost state other than Alaska. It is often known as the “Land of 10,000 Lakes,” an apt name, as Minnesota boasts at least that many decently-sized lakes in its area.

Counties and Regions: Minnesota has 87 counties, but all of these can be grouped into more recognizable geographic regions as follows:
  • Arrowhead Region
  • Boundary Waters
  • Buffalo Ridge
  • Central Minnesota
  • Coulee Region
  • Iron Range
  • Minnesota River Valley
  • North Shore
  • Northwest Angle
  • Pipestone Region
  • Red River Valley
  • Southeast Minnesota
  • Twin Cities Metropolitan Area

Population: Minnesota’s population has been growing since the eighteenth century, and it is now home to well over five million people. The Twin Cities area is home to more than 60% of the state’s population. However, many of rural areas are actually losing residents.

Major Cities: Minnesota’s capital, St. Paul, and Minnesota’s largest city, Minneapolis, are located next to each other. Together, they form a huge metropolitan area known as the Twin Cities.

Story Behind the Name: The term “Minnesota” comes from a Native American word that means “clouded water” or “sky-tinted water.” This name has been used by Europeans since the first explorers arrived here.

History and Colonization: Like the rest of the present-day United States,
Minnesota was inhabited by Native Americans for thousands of years before any contact with Europeans occurred. French fur trappers first began arriving in the 17th century, and were later followed by loggers and settlers as American society began to push westwards. Over time, much of the land of Minnesota was bartered away by the natives. Other groups, such as the Dakotas, fought the settlers, but these were driven away or moved to other native reservations. The current Native American population of Minnesota is comparatively low, despite their culture having had a major impact on the lives of several inhabitants in the state.

The crucial Mississippi River bisects modern Minnesota, with its headwaters located in the northern part of the state. The United States was granted all the land east of the Mississippi River once the American Revolution ended, giving it total control over half of what is now Minnesota. The rest of the land was acquired years later through the Louisiana Purchase, which gave the U.S. acres of new territory that practically doubled its size. Parts of Minnesota were included in various territories before it was formed to its present shape and granted statehood in 1858.

The state of Minnesota continued to grow and develop at a steady pace. Thousands of German and Scandinavian immigrants set up homesteads there, creating a permanent cultural stamp on Minnesota. Major communities at Minneapolis, St. Paul, and Fort Snelling grew as the landscape was converted to farmland at a rapid pace. Later, the industrial revolution and the rise of manufacturing had a major effect on Minnesota, sending people flocking to its cities to work in the factories.

The early twentieth century was a difficult time in the region. The combination of droughts and the Great Depression took a heavy toll on Minnesota’s many farms. Manufacturing jobs during World War II boosted the economy again, as did mechanized developments in agriculture. Today, Minnesota has growing technology and service industries based in its largest cities.

Minnesota Trivia

1) The nicknames of Minnesota are "The North Star State", "The Gopher State" and the"Land of 10,000 Lakes."

2) The capital city of Minnesota is Saint Paul and its biggest city is Minneapolis.

3) In terms of population, the five biggest cities of the state are Minneapolis, St. Paul, Duluth, Rochester, and Bloomington.

4) The state of Minnesota covers a total area of 86,939 sq miles. In terms of area, it is the 12th biggest state in the country.

5) Minnesota entered the Union on May 11, 1858, to become the 32nd state of the country.

6) The official flower is the Pink and White Lady Slipper.

7) The official motto is "The Star of the North."

8) The official butterfly is the Monarch Butterfly.

9) The official bird is the Common Loon or Great Northern Diver.

10) The official fish is the Walleye.

11) With a height of 2,301 feet, the Eagle Mountain is the tallest point in the state.

12) Minnesota shares its borders with Michigan, Iowa, South Dakota, North Dakota, Wisconsin, and Canada.

13) The official grain is the Wild Rice.

14) Important rivers of the state include Minnesota, Mississippi, Red, Rainy, and St. Croix River.

15) The official tree is the Norway Pine or the Red Pine.

16) Some of the famous people of Minnesota are Bob Dylan, Judy Garland, Jessica Lange, Prince, Jane Russell, and Charles Monroe Schulz.

17) Manufacturing and agriculture are the two main industries of the state.

18)Madison is dubbed as the "Lutefisk capital of the U.S."

19) The official beverage is milk.

20) The official gemstone is the Lake Superior Agate.

21) Spread over an area of 4.2 million square feet, The Mall of America in Bloomington is big enough to fit 32 Boeing 747s.

22) The first open heart surgery and the first bone marrow transplant in the U.S. were conducted at the University of Minnesota.

23) In May 2013, Minnesota’s legislature passed a bill legalizing same-sex marriage.

Video on Facts about Minnesota

USA Facts
Alabama FactsLouisiana FactsOhio Facts
Alaska FactsMaine FactsOklahoma Facts
Arizona FactsMaryland FactsOregon Facts
Arkansas FactsMassachusetts FactsPennsylvania Facts
California FactsMichigan FactsRhode Island Facts
Colorado FactsMinnesota FactsSouth Carolina Facts
Connecticut FactsMississippi FactsSouth Dakota Facts
Delaware FactsMissouri FactsTennessee Facts
Florida FactsMontana FactsTexas Facts
Georgia FactsNebraska FactsUtah Facts
Hawaii FactsNevada FactsVermont Facts
Idaho FactsNew Hampshire FactsVirginia Facts
Illinois FactsNew Jersey FactsWashington Facts
Indiana FactsNew Mexico FactsWest Virginia Facts
Iowa FactsNew York FactsWisconsin Facts
Kansas FactsNorth Carolina FactsWyoming Facts
Kentucky FactsNorth Dakota Facts

American Revolution
American RevolutionDeclaratory Act 1766Ideas Expressed in The Declaration of Independence
Intolerable ActsFrance in the American RevolutionImpact of Revolution on Other Nations
First Great AwakeningAmerican Revolution FactsOriginal 13 Colonies Map
Who was Patrick HenryFounding Fathers of AmericaImpact of Declaration of Independence
American EnlightenmentRole of Women in American Revolution

Last Updated on: September 29th, 2017