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Tanzania


Full name: United Republic of Tanzania.
Capital City: Dar es Salaam is the administrative capital and Dodoma is the official capital of the country.
Language: Swahili and English.
Currency: Tanzanian Shilling.
Religion: Christian, Muslim and other indigenous beliefs.
National Anthem: "Mungu ibariki Afrika"
Newspaper: Daily News and Televisheni ya Taifa.
Places to Visit: Dar es Salaam, Makonde Plateau, Zanzibar, Jozani Forest, Mt Kilimanjaro National Park, Ngorongoro Conservation Area, Selous Game Reserve and Serengeti National Park.
Transport: Airports; Railways; Roadways; Waterways/Ports: Lake Tanganyika, Lake Victoria, and Lake Nyasa, and Dar es Salaam, Mtwara, Zanzibar City.
Shopping: traditional local crafts, Singida baskets, Gogo woodcarving, carved gouds called vibuya, traditional African sarong called kangas and coconut shredders called mbuzi



Once a part of the British colony, the United Republic of Tanzania attained freedom from its colonizers in the 1960s. After its freedom, the country as it exists was formed by the assimilation of the two nations of Tanganyika and Zanzibar. It also happens to be the largest country in the east of Africa and also the most diverse in terms of landscape, flora and fauna.

Physical Map of Tanzania
The landscape of the United Republic of Tanzania consists of diverse landscape. While the coastal regions are plain, advancement towards the inland will find the land rising into plateaus, while further on the land ascends more to form hills and mountains. The highest point in the country is Mt Kilimanjaro. It also has the largest lake in Africa, Lake Victoria, and the second deepest lake in the world, Lake Tanganyika, forming its boundary.

Location of Tanzania
The United Republic of Tanzania is located in the East coast of the African continent. Its coastal region is bordered by the Indian ocean.

The immediate political neighbors of the United Republic of Tanzania are Mozambique and Kenya.

Flag of Tanzania
The flag of the United Republic of Tanzania is simple and rectangular in design. It is dominated by colors that are associated with the African political tradition. So, the colors green, black, yellow and blue are the colors in the flag. Tanzania flag is split into two triangular halves of green and blue by a diagonal black band. The top left triangle is green, while the lower right triangle is blue.

Climate of Tanzania
The climate in the United Republic of Tanzania varies with variations in the landscape of the country. In general, the climate comprises of warm wet summers and cold dry winters. While the temperatures are more in the mainland, it is tropical in the coastal regions and in the islands. The summer season lasts from December to March; and the winters from June to October.

Flora and Fauna of Tanzania
The flora of the United Republic of Tanzania comprises of typical savannah species. The country is scattered with wooded grasslands throughout. There are, however, several other types of flora varying from region to region. For instance, there are dense forests of hardwood and softwood trees in the places where rainfall is high; where rainfall is less and the land dry bushes and thickets thrive; the highlands in the United Republic of Tanzania are grassy expanses and the coastal regions are blanketed with mangroves. The land has an equally diverse animal, avian, marine and reptile fauna - with almost four million species or more. The list that contains animals includes the lion, the giraffe, hippopotamus, various types of monkeys, zebra, elephant, antelope and the rhinoceros. The range of birds is so vast that they include almost 827 species of birds between the ostrich and the warbler. There are some 60,000 species of insects in the United Republic of Tanzania approximately. The islands of Zanzibar and Pemba, whish are a part of the country, also house some exclusive and rare species like the Syke's monkey, galagos, tree coney, fruit-eating and insectivorous bats, Kirk's colobus, genets, elephant shrews, mongooses, duiker antelope, small shrews, rats, squirrel mice leopard, civet and giant rat.

People of Tanzania
The original people of the United Republic of Tanzania themselves belong to several different tribes; in fact, there are some 130 tribes right there in the country. The largest and also the most famous of the lot are that of the Bantu. Some of the names of the other tribes are the Arusha, the Makonde, the Dukuma, the Samburu the Haya, the Chagga, the Nyamwezi and the Maasai. Though most of the population of the land comprises of native tribe members, there is also a medley of Arabs, other dark-skinned people from other African countries, Europeans, Asians and mixed blood people.

Arts, Culture and Music of Tanzania
The United Republic of Tanzania has a vibrant traditional history replete with respectful and courteous social norms which have derived from multiple geographical and ethnical locations. The culture of the United Republic of Tanzania is an amalgam of the various influences of native African, Indian, British and other European and also Arab. "Taarab" is the most renowned music form originating from the United Republic of Tanzania. It has Egyptian and Indian influences and also instruments. The other types of music types originating from the land are the "Ngoma" and "Muziki wa Dansi".

Economy of Tanzania
Tourism is one rich and thriving economy enhancing industry in the United Republic of Tanzania. Mining goes a long way to build and enhance the economic status of the country. The main things that are mined are iron, phosphates, iron ore, coal, diamonds, Gemstones, Gold, natural gas, nickel, salt and soda ash. Agriculture comes a close second to contributing to the country's economy. The widely crown crops are coffee, sisal, tea, cotton, cashew nuts, tobacco, cloves, corn, wheat, cassava and bananas. The other industries in the United Republic of Tanzania are the manufacture of cement, hydropower, oil refining, shoes, apparel, wood products and fertilizer. An insecticide made from chrysanthemums, called pyrethrum, is a specialty of the country.


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