What are the Key Facts of Croatia? - Answers

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What are the Key Facts of Croatia?

Croatia Map
Map of Croatia

Official Name

Republic of Croatia





Largest City



45.166667, 15.500000


16,577 sq mi ( 42,933 sq km)

Land Boundaries

1,390 mi ( 2,237 km)


3,625.8 mi ( 5,835.1 km)


Kuna (HRK)

Neighboring Countries

Slovenia, Hungary, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro

Maritime Neighbors



4,154,200 (2017 est.)

Official Language


Major Religion


National Day

25 June, Independence from Yugoslavia

National Anthem

“Lijepa nasa domovino”

Form of Government

Unitary parliamentary constitutional republic


Kolinda Grabar-Kitarović

Prime Minister

Andrej Plenković

GDP per capita (PPP)

$26,295.5 (World Bank, 2017)

GDP per capita (nominal)

$13,386.5 (World Bank, 2017)


0.831 (2017), Rank: 46

Literacy Rate


Space Agency

Cooperation Agreement with European Space Agency

Military Expenditure Ranking

74 (SIPRI, 2017)

No. of Olympic Medals

44 (as of 2018)

Driving Side


Calling Code


Time Zone

UTC+1 (CET), Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)

Internet TLD


Where is Croatia?

Croatia is located on the European continent, at the crossroads of Central Europe and South East Europe.

What is the Geography of Croatia?

Croatia is a part of the Balkans and Mitteleuropa. It is spread over 56,594 square kilometers (or 21,851 square miles). The country shares its borders with Serbia (to the East), Hungary (to the North East), Slovenia (to the North West), Montenegro, Bosnia and Herzegovina (to the South West), Italy (maritime border), and Adriatic Sea (in the South).

The territorial waters of the country encompass 18,981 square kilometers (or 7,329 square miles) in a zone spread across 12 nautical miles (22 km or 14 miles). Croatia’s major geomorphological parts include the Dinaric Alps, the Pannonian Basin, and the Adriatic Basin.

Most of Croatia is made up of lowlands, located in the northern regions. 53.42% of the country has less than 200 meters (660 feet) above sea level elevation. Horst and Graben structures are predominant in the plains. In the Dinaric Alps, the Lika and Gorski Kotar areas have the highest concentration of ground at relatively high elevations.

Croatia has a warm temperate Mediterranean climate. It is characterized by dry and warm summers with the temperature of the warmest month remaining above 22°C on average. The winters are predominantly wet. The northern and north eastern areas of the country are warm temperate humid climate with the warmest month having a temperature lower than 22°C on average. In four or more months, the temperature is above 10°C on average. The Dinaric Alps mountains in central part of Croatia are covered with large forests and the region experiences an alpine climate.

Most of Croatia’s territory (accounting for 62% of the territory) consists of branching river network belonging to the Black Sea catchment basin. The major rivers of the country are Danube River, Sava River, and Drava River. Both Sava and Drava rivers are the tributaries of the Danube River. The Danube is the second longest river of Europe that flows through ten countries. Length of Danube, Sava, and Drava rivers are 1,777 miles, 615 miles, and 439 miles respectively.

Major mountains in Croatia are Dinara, Kamešnica, Biokovo, Velebit, Plješevica, and many more. The highest mountain of the country is Dinara (1,831 meters or 6,007 feet), which is located in the Dinaric Alps (or Dinarides range). Other major peaks of Croatia are Kurljaj, Sveti Jure, Vaganski vrh, Ozeblin, Bjelolasica (Kula), Sveta Gera, Kalnik, and many more.

The Adriatic Sea mainland of the country is 1,777.3 kilometers (or 1,104.4 miles) long. There are 1,246 islands and islets of Croatia, encompassing a coastline of 4,058 kilometers or 2,522 miles. This is Mediterranean’s most indented coastline.

What is the Economy of Croatia?

Croatia became a sovereign nation in 1991 when Yugoslavia was broken along ethnic and religious lines. During 2000-2007, the Croatian economy grew by 4-6%, thanks to the flourishing tourism industry and credit-driven consumer spending. However, it entered a recessionary phase in 2008.

The country joined the European Union in July 2013 while it was passing through a 6-year long recessionary phase (2008-2014). The EU grants along with the advantages of joining a single market helped Croatia recover, which started around 2015. The export increased from 40% of GDP in mid-2013 to more than 50% of GDP in 2018. Estimates of 2018 show that the country’s nominal GDP was US$ 60.69 billion and per capital GDP was US$14,815.

Croatia is a developed high-income economy that is predominantly based on services. Tertiary sector contributes over 70% to the GDP. The six years of recession led to a cumulative decline of the GDP by 12.5%. However, the economy is recovering steadily now and the economic growth rate of Croatia is revolving around 2.5%- 3.5% during 2016-2019.

The unemployment rate is declining, thanks to the strong performance of the tourism sector (accounting for 19.6% of Croatia’s GDP) and the supporting investments towards expanding tourism capacity. Over 70% of the workforce is engaged in the services sector, followed by manufacturing (26.2%) and agriculture (3.7%). The unemployment rate has come down from 15% in 2016 to 8.6% in April 2019. Human Development Index of Croatia is very high (0.831), giving the country 46th rank in the list of countries having high HDI.

Tourism is the main source of income for people in Croatia. More than 14 million tourists flock to this country every year, mostly in the months of summer and during winter for snow sports such as skiing. The country ranks among the top 20 most popular destinations of the world. The revenue generated by tourism in Croatia is over €8 billion.

Croatia’s economic output is heavily dependent upon trade. Experts believe low trade-weighted average tariff (which is just 1.2%) bolsters trade in the country. 2017 figures show that Croatia’s export is valued at $16.45 billion and import at $22.34 billion. Shipbuilding is the main export item of the industrial sector, accounting for 10% of the total goods exported.

What is the Transportation System of Croatia?

Transportation System of Croatia is mainly dependent upon road, railways, water and airways. The roadways mainly include motorway network, which was mainly built to connect the capital Zagreb to other regions of the country as well as other major European routes as well as four Pan-European corridors. Till now, the country has successfully completed motorways of over 1,100 kilometers (680 miles). Croatia has an extensive highway network coupled with the state, county and local road routes. For inter-city transport, buses are more common than railways.

Croatia has a developed and extensive railway network across the country. 2,722 kilometers(1,691 miles) of railway tracks are there. Croatian Railways operates 985 kilometers(612 miles) of electrified railways and 254 kilometers (158 miles) of double track railways in Croatia.

Air transport is also significantly developed in Croatia. There are 68 airports across the country out of which 9 airports are international airports (including Zagreb, Split, Zadar, Osijek, Rijeka, Dubrovnik, and Pula). The most notable airlines of the country are Croatia Airlines and Trade Air.

Water transport is available on the sea and rivers. Rijeka, Zadar, Split, and Ploče are the main sea ports of Croatia. While Port of Rijeka is the busiest cargo seaport in the country, Split and Zadar are the busiest passenger ports. River transport is mainly based on Sava and Danube. Drava River also has some extent of water connectivity. Vukovar is the largest river port, which is located on Danube River. The coastal cities and islands are well connected with highly developed water transport system including ferry lines.

What International Organizations is Croatia part of?

Croatia is part of the following international organizations:

  • European Union (EU)
  • North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
  • United Nations (UN): Permanent Representative of Croatia to the UN
  • United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
  • World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • International Monetary Fund (IMF)International Labour Organization (ILO)
  • World Health Organization (WHO)
  • International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
  • Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW)
  • World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)
  • World Tourism Organization (UNWTO)
  • World Meteorological Organization (WMO)
  • Western European Union (WEU): Associate
  • International Criminal Police Organization (ICPO-INTERPOL)
  • Council of Europe (CoE)
  • Central European Initiative (CEI)
  • Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council (EAPC)
  • European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD)
  • United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (ECE)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)
  • Group of Eleven (G11)
  • Inter-American Development Bank (IADB)
  • International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD)
  • International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO)
  • International Criminal Court (ICCt)
  • International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement (IFRCS)
  • International Development Association (IDA)
  • International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD)
  • International Finance Corporation (IFC)
  • International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement
  • International Hydrographic Organization (IHO)
  • International Maritime Organization (IMO)
  • International Mobile Satellite Organization (IMSO)
  • Intelsat Corporation
  • Non-Aligned Movement (NAM): Observer
  • Organization of American States (OAS): Observer
  • International Olympic Committee (IOC)
  • International Organization for Migration (IOM)
  • International Organization for Standardization (ISO)
  • International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
  • International Trade Union Confederation (ITUC)
  • Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE)
  • Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)
  • Partnership for Peace (PfP)
  • Southeast European Cooperative Initiative (SECI)
  • United Nations Mission in Sierra Leone (UNAMSIL)
  • United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)
  • United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO)
  • United Nations Mission in Ethiopia and Eritrea (UNMEE)
  • United Nations Military Observer Group in India and Pakistan (UNMOGIP)
  • Universal Postal Union (UPU)
  • World Customs Organization (WCO)
Related Maps:
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