Heilongjiang is an important province in China.
The Heilongjiang province in China is located in the northeastern part of the country. It has an area of 454,000 square kilometers, which constitute 4.7% of the country's total surface area. The Heilongjiang administration include 13 prefectures and cities, 1,211 townships, 14,488 villages and 66 counties.
Some of the important rivers that flow through the province are Heilong, Songhua, Wusuli and Nenjiang river. The lakes that are found in Heilongjiang in China include the Jingbo and Xingkai lakes.
The Heilongjiang Map, apart from projecting the province's locational alignment also inform of the immediate provinces or areas surrounding Heilongjiang. Russia is its immediate neighbor on the eastern side with the Heilongjiang and Wusuli rivers flowing between them. The Inner Mongolian Autonomous Region is situated on the western side of the province and the Jilin Province is in the south.
The topography of Heilongjiang is also shaped by numerous volcanoes and mountains. Housing some of the most important national reserves and forests, these mountains have turned into important sightseeing spots in the country. Some such destinations include 'the volcano museum', the Crater National Forest Park, the Yima National Forest Park and many more. The Greater Hinggan Mountains are situated in the northwestern part of the province and the Lesser Hinggan mountains are located in the northern part. The southeastern part of Heilongjiang has the Laoye, Zhangguangcai and Taiping ridges.
As of in the year 2005, Heilongjiang has an estimated population of 38,170,000 people. The population density is 83 people per kilometer square. Majority of the population are comprised of the Hans, who account for 95% of the total population. The Manchu people account for 3% of the total population, Koreans constitute 1%, Mongols 0.4% and the Huis 0.3%. Some of the other important demographical facts include:
- Birth rate ( as of in the year 2005)- 7.8%
- Death rate- 5.2%
- Population growth rate of Heilongjiang- 2.67 %
Tourism in Heilongjiang account for 28.03 billion yuan annually, comprising of 12% of the total GDP of the province. Offering some of the most stunning landscapes, the Heilongjiang province draws tourists from all over the world. Some of the important sightseeing spots in Heilongjiang include:
- Mudan Peak National Park
- Daliangzihe National Forest Park
- Wusuli River National Forest Park
- Jinquan National Forest Park
- Yima Mountain National Forest Park
- Changshou National Forest Park
The Heilongjiang hotels form an important part of the tourism industry in the province. Some of the important hotels in Heilongjiang include:
- Daqing Hotel
- Beishan Hotel Daxinganling
- Sanjiang Hotel Hegang
- Jiangtian Guest House Jiamusi
- Shuanyashan Hotel
- Hubin Hotel Qiqihaer
- Mudanjiang Beishan Guest House
- Mudanjing Merchandise Mansion
Two of the most important airports in Heilongjiang that cater to both international and domestic freights include the Mudanjiang Airport and the Harbin Taiping international Airport.
The domestic airlines that serve Mudanjiang Airport include the China Southern Airlines and the Hainan Airlines. The nearby places that are connected by these domestic flights include Guangzhou and Beijing. The international airlines that serve the Mudanjiang Airport are the China Southern Airlines, Korean Air Dalavia and the Asiana Airlines.
The airlines that provide regular services in the Taiping international Airport include :
- Air China
- Asiana Airlines
- Hainan Airlines
- China Eastern Airlines
- China Southern Airlines
- Cathay Pacific
- China United Airlines
- Dalavia and many more
The places that are linked to the Taiping International Airport by these airlines are Nanjing, Shenzhen,Taiyuan, Hangzhou and many more. The Heilongjiang province is also connected with various parts of China and the world through roadways, railways and waterways. It has a total of 22 ports , out of which the most important is the port of Harbin. Trains in Heilongjiang connect places like Dalian in the province of Liaoning and Vladivostok in Russia. New plans are being made to link Harbin with Changxing. The Suidong line is under construction that is meant to link the Eastern ports of Russia with that of eastern parts of Heilongjiang province.
Heilongjiang has a well developed roadway infrastructure especially with highways like the Shenha Expressway, which is also considered to be the longest four lane highway in China. This expressway links Harbin in Heilongjiang to Shenyang.
One of the most important provinces in China, Heilongjiang is also a tourist destination in the country.
Last Updated on: October 9th, 2017