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Conakry is both the capital and largest city in Guinea, and is located along the coast. Other major cities in Guinea are Kankan, Kindia, Labe, Mamou, and Boke. The total population of Guinea is estimated at over 10 million, of which about 40 percent are ethnic Fula, 30 percent are Mandingo, 20 percent are Susa, and the remaining 10 percent are a variety of ethnic groups, for a total of 24 ethnic groups. The majority of Guinea's population identifies as Muslim, at about 85 percent, with a minority of Christians. The official language of Guinea is French, though twenty-four native languages are spoken throughout the country, predominantly Fula, Maninka, and Susu.
Guinea has a long history, having been part of various African empires, until becoming a French colony as part of French West Africa around 1890. In 1958, Guinea declared independence from France, becoming a presidential republic. In recent history, Guinea has faced corruption and political unrest.
Last Updated On : March 14, 2013
Latitude and Longitude10.2716° N, 11.7188° W
Population10,884,958 (July 2012 est.)
Area245,857 sq km (94,926 sq miles)
Time Zone (UTC+0)
International AirportConakry International Airport
Major IndustriesBauxite, Gold, Diamonds, Iron; Alumina Refining
National HolidayIndependence Day, 2 October (1958)