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Uzbekistan has a population of almost 30 million, making it the most populous country in Central Asia. About 80 percent of the country's population is made up of ethnic Uzbek. The largest ethnic minorities in Uzbekistan are Russian, Tajik, Kazakh, Karakalpak, and Tatar. Uzbek is the official language of Uzbekistan, though the Tajik language and Russian are also significant languages in parts of the country. Islam is the predominant religion, with about 90 percent, followed by Russian Orthodox Christianity with about 5 percent.
The capital and largest city of Uzbekistan is Tashkent. Other major cities include Namangan, Samarqand, Andijan, and Bukhara. Uzbekistan is divided into twelve provinces, an autonomous republic, and an independent city. The provinces of Uzbekistan, or viloyatlar, are Buxoro, Jizzax, Navoiy, Qasshqadaryo, Samarqand, Sirdaryo, Surxondaryo, Toshkent, Farg'ona, Andijon, Namangan, and Xorazm.
Last Updated On : February 28, 2013