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Syria


Full name Syrian Arab Republic
Capital City Damascus
Language Arabic, Kurdish, Armenian, Aramaic, Circassian, French and English
Currency Syrian Pound.
Religion Sunni Muslim, other Muslim, Christian and Druze.
National Anthem "Homat el Diyar"and "An-Nashid as-Suri".
Newspaper Al Baath, Champress, Syrianobles news, Syria Times, Syria Today and Teshreen Daily.
Places to Visit Umm Al Qotein, Aleppo, Damascus, Palmyra, Krak des Chevaliers, Qala'at Samaan and Temple of Bel.
TransportAirways : international airports near Damascus and near Aleppo; Roadways : Buses ply between Damascus and Istanbul in Turkey, Amman in Jordan, Beirut and Tripoli in Lebanon and Riyadh in Saudi Arabia. Service taxis are available from Damascus to the neighboring countries. Personal vehicles are also allowed; but local third-party insurance and a customs fees are required; Waterways/Ports : Baniyas and Latakia; Railways : from Aleppo to Istanbul and from Damascus to Amman
Shopping Handicrafts, mother-of-pearl items, olive-wood carvings, weaving, embroidery, leather crafts, gold and silver jewelry, Bedouin festive dresses and Turkish linen embroidered belt.
the Syrian Arab Republic is a fragment of the "Greater Syria"that was created in the 1920s by the French, with British aid. In fact, until the year 1946, the Syrian Arab Republic was under the French, who had taken over from the Turkish sultanate that collapsed after four centuries.
For a while, between the years 1958 and 1961, it had collaborated with Egypt to form the "United Arab Republic". The name of the country, "Syria", was derived from the ancient Greek name that was given to the land of "Aram"that lay between Egypt, Arabia and Cicilia, and contained Mesapotamia.

Physical Map of Syria
the landscape of the Syrian Arab Republic consists of coastal plains, desert, mountains, plateaus and also plains. Either way, most of the country is semi-arid or arid. The desert, which is located in the central region of the country comprises of plateau land and lies behind a range of mountains - the Anti-Lebanon Mountains - which in turn wall out the Mediterranean coast. The other important mountain range in the country is the Bishri Mountains to the north. The highest point in the Syrian Arab Republic is Mt Hermon located in the southwestern corner.

The population of the country is concentrated around the River Euphrates and the coastal regions and other major water bodies in the country; in fact, the capital Damascus too was once an oasis. The River Euphrates is the country's main source of water and based on it is built the artificial lake - the Al-Assad Lake.

Syria Location Map
Location of Syria
The Syrian Arab republic or Syria, as it is better known, is located in the central southwest region of the continent of Asia called the Middle East. The political neighbors of Syria are Turkey to the north, Iraq to the east and the southeast, Jordan to the south and Lebanon to the southwest. The Mediterranean Sea outlines its western coast. Portions of the country are positioned in both in the northern hemisphere and also in the eastern hemisphere.

Climate of Syria
the climatic condition in the Syrian Arab Republic is dominantly of the desert type. So, the summers are sweltering, arid and dry. These summer months stretch from May to September. The winters in the country is relatively wet while also being pleasantly warm and fall in the months between December and February. However, while inland temperatures in the Syrian Arab Republic may soar to 105°F, there could well be a mild rainfall in the coastal regions. As a result the coastal areas are mainly humid. The mountainous regions of the country experience more precipitation than the other areas.

Flora and Fauna of Syria
the vegetation in the Syrian Arab Republic depends on the terrain of the country. There are distinct types of plants growing in the different regions of the country. So, while the coastal region has the cultivated variety of crops, there is also to be found little amounts of tamarisk - which is a brushwood variety. The hilly regions are populated with pines, though sparsely. In the plain regions in the middle of the country oaks of different varieties, steppes and wormwood can be found. Most of the animal life to be found in the Syrian Arab Republic is of the desert variety. However, one can also find bears, antelopes, deer, squirrels, hares, otters and wildcats. The reptile variety - which is found in the desert - includes vipers, snakes, chameleons and lizards. The avian fauna in the country, though not as diverse, comprises mainly of game birds apart from the pelicans, snipes and ducks of various types.

People of Syria
most of the people of the Syrian Arab Republic are originally Arabs. The other minor ethnic races present in Syria are the Kurds and Armenians. Most of the nation's population is Muslims of the Sunni order; however, there is also a minority community called the Alawite, or the Shi'a, who are politically quite dominant. Besides them there is also a small Christian minority in the Syrian Arab Republic.

Arts, Culture and Music of Syria
  • Art : the chief traditional art forms of the Syrian Arab Republic are embroidery done with silver thread, glass beads, buttons and coins; weaving carpets, rugs and wall hangings; ethnic silver jewellery and wares; antique tribal jewelry; ceramics and pottery; and basketry.
  • Culture : the Syrian Arab Republic is a staunchly traditional and strongly cultural nation that adheres to practices that have filtered down through the ages. In the Syrian society, religion, respect, family, education and self discipline and are the things that feature in the list of factors that are most important to the growth of a being. Syria's chief traditional contribution to the world is the root of the Phoenician alphabet called the "Ugarit cuneiform". The Syrian Arab republic also has several dance forms like the "Al-Samah", the sword dance and the "Dabkes".
  • Music : the Syrian Arab Republic has a classic musical genre that is very like Arab. In fact, there is practically little or no difference between the two. There is a foem of lyrical poetry that is typical of the Andalous and is sung; it is called the "Muwashshah". The other type of music that is both ancient and also popular in the Syrian Arab Republic, it is called the "Christian Hymnody". This liturgical music is a store house of culture and tradition and is also referred to as the 'Syrian chant'.
Syria Flag
Flag of Syria
The flag of the Syrian Arab Republic is a simple and rectangular flag. There are four colors that make up the flag in three equal horizontal stripes and two stars. These colors are red, green, white and black (top to bottom). The central white stripe also contains two equal sized green five-pointed stars that lie on the same horizontal line - one off-center left and the other off-center right. One of the stars stands for Syria, while the other shares a dispute between either Egypt or Iraq. Actually inspired by the flag of France, the colors that dominate it are all pro-Arab and are a part of the Arab Liberation flag.

Economy of Syria
The economy of the Syrian Arab Republic is dependent more on the natural resources and the industrial produces of the country than on agriculture. Though agricultural produces of the Syrian Arab republic include such crops as wheat, barley, cotton, lentils, chickpeas, olives and sugar beets, most of the produce are used up in national consumption. However, cotton, fruits and vegetables are important export commodities. The naturally available minerals and other resources of the Syrian Arab Republic are either exported as raw materials or they are processed. As a result of this the industrial sector too brings considerable amounts of revenue for the country. Some of the minerals available in the Syrian Arab Republic are asphalt, gypsum, petroleum, marble, phosphates, rock salt, chrome, iron ore, manganese ores and hydropower. Industries in the country include phosphate rock mining, petroleum, tobacco, textiles, rearing livestock, beverage brewing and food processing.


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