The geographical coordinates of the country, 3.30 S, 30.00 E, determines various aspects of Burundi geography. The topography of Burundi is dominated by hills and mountains, with a steep plateau and a plain. Burundi climate is predominantly equatorial in nature. The climatic conditions of the country determine the growth of a diverse range of Burundi flora and fauna.
Burundi rivers form important features of the geography of Burundi. The river network criss-crosses the whole country. Burundi has rich reserves of uranium, gold, tungsten, etc which form the chief natural resources of the country.