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Burundi Facts

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What is the capital of Burundi?

Bujumbura is the capital of Burundi and is located on the northeastern shore of Lake Tanganyika. It is also the largest city of the country and the main port of Burundi.

Where is Burundi located?

Burundi is a landlocked country in east-central Africa, covering an area of 10,745 square miles.

Which countries border Burundi?

Burundi is bounded on the north by Rwanda, by Tanzania on the east and south, and on the west by the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

What are the administrative divisions of Burundi?

One of the smallest countries in Africa, Burundi is divided into seventeen provinces. The major provinces are: Bubanza, Bujumbura Mairie, Bururi, Karuzi, etc.

Who are the political leaders of Burundi?

President: Pierre Nkurunziza
Vice President: Terence Sinunguruza

What is the currency of Burundi?

The Burundi Franc, denoted by the ISO 4217 code BIF, is the official currency of the country. It was first issued in 1963.

What is the official language of Burundi?

French, Rundi and Swahili are the official languages of Burundi.

What is the religion of Burundi?

The official religion of the country is Roman Catholicism; about 67 percent of Burundians are Roman Catholics, 23 percent practice indigenous beliefs, and 10 percent are Muslims.

What is the economy of Burundi like?

Burundi is a densely populated country with majority of the population living in extreme poverty and hunger. Poor education, unhygienic living conditions, scarcity of food, water and medical facilities, and corruption are other major problems. HIV/AIDS is rampant in Burundi, and continues to tear its economy apart.

Agriculture is the main source of revenue in Burundi, with ninety percent of the population dependent on farming. Coffee, cotton, tea, corn, sorghum, sweet potatoes, bananas, tapioca and milk are the major agricultural products. The country exports coffee, tea, sugar, and cotton. Belgium, France, Italy, Kenya, Tanzania, Zambia, Uganda and Japan are the import partners. The export partners of Burundi are Germany, Belgium, Switzerland, Rwanda and Thailand.

When is the national day of Burundi celebrated?

Burundi's Independence Day is celebrated on July 1 every year to commemorate independence from the Belgian rule in 1960. The venue for the celebrations is the Bujumbura's City Park, where people gather to participate in the independence-day festivities. Burundi's push for independence was influenced by the instability and ethnic persecution that occurred in Rwanda. In November 1959, Rwandese Hutu attacked the Tutsi and massacred thousands of them. Many Tutsi escaped to Uganda and Burundi to find freedom from persecution.

The country claimed independence on July 1, 1962, and legally changed its name from Ruanda-Urundi to Burundi. Mwami Mwambutsa IV was named the king. On September 18, 1962, just over a month after declaring independence from Belgium, Burundi joined the United Nations.

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