The climate of Djibouti is very hot and dry. The dense forests of acacia, olive and juniper are the habitats of different types of animals. Different Djibouti mammals can be found here. There are no large herds of mammals in Djibouti in comparison to Tanzania or Kenya. Mammals of Djibouti can be categorized into Theria, which can again be sub-categorized into Eutheria and Metatherians.
Djibouti mammals can be categorized in the following orders to, which they belong:
- Tubulidentata: The species of this group is aardvarks.
- Sirenia: This group includes aquatic herbivorous mammals.
- Primates: This group includes Hamadryas Baboon.
- Rodentia: The species of this group is Speke’s Pectinator.
- Lagomorpha: Cape hare is an example of this group.
- Erinaceomorpha: The species include hedgehogs and gymnures.
- Soricomorpha: The species include shrews, moles, and sole dons.
- Chiroptera: Bats fall in this category.
- Cetacea: Whales fall into this category.
- Carnivora: Primarily feeds on meat. Jackals, Lions, leopards, hyenas can be categorized in this group.
- Perissodactyla: These are the grazing mammals.
- Artiodactyla: The species of this group include Gemsbok.
The terrestrial mammals commonly found in Djibouti include hedgehog, big-eared free-tailed bat, wild dog, African ass or African wild donkey, desert warthog, gazelles of waller, lesser kudu, oryx, beira, vervet monkey and hyrax.
Some of the mammals in Djibouti are becoming endangered. The population explosion and the over use of natural resources are adversely affecting the wildlife habitats here. Many organizations are coming forward to conserve these endangered species.