Cuba, which is the largest Caribbean island, is located in between Bahamas and Jamaica. It lies at a distance of 90 miles from Florida. The total land area of Cuba is estimated to be 110,860 km2 which is approximately equivalent to that of Pennsylvania. To the north of Cuba lies the Starlit of Florida and the North Atlantic Ocean and to its north west is the Gulf of Mexico. The Yucatan Channel lies in the western part of the island while it is bounded by the Caribbean Sea in the south.
Topography of Cuba
The topography of Cuba is an important element of the overall Geography of Cuba . Cuba is characterized by huge mountains which cover more than one third of the total land area. The remaining portion of the island consists of flat plain lands. There are 200 bays and 289 beaches in Cuba. Cuba is also characterized by the large number of water bodies. Most of the rivers of Cuba are shallow.
Many parts of the island are forested which consists of trees such as cedar, ebony, oaks, pine, mahogany and mangroves. Mariposa is the national flower of Cuba. Begonias, Bougainvillea and hibiscus are some of the other commonly found flowers of this island.
Geography of Cuba provides with important information about this beautiful Caribbean island.
Flora and Fauna Cuba
The Flora and Fauna Cuba is rich, vibrant and classified into uncountable species. Flora and Fauna Cuba is forms a fascinating treat for the eyes.
Flora in Cuba
There are nearly 7000 species of plants, that are found in Cuba, out of which some 50% are native to the island. The flora is varied, out of which orchids assume a high position. The orchids have outstanding colors, flawless shapes and exist in more than 300 species. The national flower of Cuba is butterfly jasmine, which is a tiny orchid with white petals. The national tree is the Royal Palm.
Other Plants of Cuba
Among the rich vegetation of Cuba, the other known varieties are:
- Cork palm
- Coconut palm
- Dinner palm
The Fauna in Cuba is chracterized by rich wildlife and plentiful birds.
Birds in Cuba
There are many native birds in this island. Some common species are:
- Cuban woodpecker
- Emerald Hummingbird
- Greater Antillean Oriole
- Belted Kingfisher
The forests and hilly areas of Cuba are the home of diverse species of wildlife. The important ones are:
- White-tail deer
- Jutia, (a rodent). It is also known as "Banana Rat".
- Snakes like the Boa Constrictor.
- Different kinds of fish.
Last Updated : May 13, 2014