The winters are usually very cold and summers are cool and humid. The climate is something between continental and maritime. According to the physical geography of Belarus, the terrain is usually flat with marshy lands. Mount Dzyarzhynskaya of the Belarusian Range forms the highest point in Belarus, which is 346 m from the sea level. The range runs diagonally through the country. The country abounds in hills and lakes. Major rivers include Zakhodnyaya Dzvina, Nyoman rivers, Prypyats' rivers and Dnyapro with its tributaries Byarezina and Sozh.
A major part of the terrain is dominated by vast tracts of forests. The major forest of Belarus is Belavezhskaya. The geography of Belarus permits only 29.5 % of the land to be arable.
The natural resources of Belarus include the vast tracts of forests, peat deposits, oil and natural gas. The major environmental issues are the problems of pollution, deforestation and endangered species.