Law in Chad is a set of rules that are enforced through a group of institutions. The judiciary of Chad affects the life of people living in a society in different ways. The legal system of Chad elaborates the legal responsibilities and rights of people in many ways.
The civil law of France used to determine the legal system of Chad. Afterwards the legal system of Chad was modified following Islamic and traditional interpretations of law.
Types of courts in Chad are:
Supreme Court of Chad was established again in 1988. Court of State security is the highest court of the country. It comprises of 8 justices, which includes both military officers and civilians. The president of Chad makes these appointments.
The reviewing of decisions of the lower courts is made in the Court of appeals located in N’Djamena. In 1984, a Court of justice was established. In this court cases, which includes fraudulent appropriation of public funds are heard.
In towns like Sarh, Abeche, N’Djamena and Moundou, Criminal Courts of Chad are convened. Whenever it is necessary the criminal judges travel to the other towns of the country. The 14 prefectures of Chad include a magistrate’s court. Minor criminal and civil cases are heard in this magistrate court. Islamic sharia courts were common in the north and east of Chad.