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Facts about Portugal

by Vishal Kumar

The Portuguese Republic is the westernmost country in Europe. Lisbon is the capital city.

Where is Portugal?

The Portuguese Republic is the westernmost country in Europe. It is situated in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula. It is bordered on the west and south by the Atlantic Ocean and on the north and east by Spain.

The Atlantic archipelagos of the Azores and Madeira are part of the Portuguese Republic. The country is named after Porto, the second largest city in the country.

What is the capital of Portugal?

Lisbon is the capital of Portugal. It lies in the western Iberian Peninsula on the Atlantic Ocean and the Tagus River. Because of its importance in finance, commerce, media, arts, education, and international trade, it is recognized as an Alpha(-) World city. Belem Tower and Jeronimos Monastery are listed by UNESCO as World Heritage Sites.

What is the currency of Portugal?

The Portuguese escudo was the currency of Portugal till 1999 and was removed from circulation on February 28, 2002. Its ISO 4217 code was PTE. It was replaced by Euro on January 1, 1999.

Which is the largest city in Portugal?

Lisbon, the capital of Portugal, is the largest city in the country. It is one of the oldest cities in the world. The metropolitan area of Lisbon is 1,142 square miles. The population of the city is 2,815,851, making it the ninth most populous urban area in the European Union.

What is the official language of Portugal?

The official language of Portugal is Portuguese. Mirandese is the recognized regional language of the country. It has less than 5000 speakers in the country.

What is the religion of Portugal?

Portugal is a secular state. Roman Catholics constitute 84.5% of the population. 9% of the population are self-declared Atheists. The country also has a small minority of Mormon, Muslim, Hindu, Sikh, Bahai, and Buddhist.

What is the literacy rate of Portugal?

The adult literacy rate of Portugal is 99%.

What is the emblem of Portugal?

The coat of arms of Portugal was officially adopted on June 30, 1911, along with the republican flag of the country. It is based on the coat of arms used by the Portuguese Kingdom. It has various versions: Lesser arms, which are used on the national flag and government flag, and the military coat of arms of Portugal.

Who is the political leader of Portugal?

Portugal is a democratic republic. The president of the country has a supervisory non-executive role, while the prime minister is the head of the government. Executive power is exercised by the council of ministers. Legislative power is vested in both the assembly of the republic and the government.

Marcelo Nuno Duarte Rebelo de Sousa is the president of the country. He is the 20th and current president of Portugal since 9 March 2016.

António Luís Santos da Costa is the current prime minister of the country. He assumed office on November 26, 2015. He is the 119th and current prime minister of Portugal.

When is the National Day of Portugal celebrated?

Portugal National Day or Camoes Day is celebrated on June 10. The date commemorates the death of Luis Vaz de Camoes in 1580. Camoes is the national literary icon of the country who wrote Os Lusiadas, an epic poem celebrating Portuguese history and achievements.

What is the economy of Portugal like?

Portugal has an advanced and high-income mixed economy. It is a developed country with a high Human Development Index. The most important trading partners are the European Union countries of Spain, Germany, France, Italy, and the United Kingdom. The service sector contributes (at 74.5%) the most to the Portuguese GDP. The GDP of the country is 229,336 billion dollars. The country exports agricultural products, chemical products, plastic and rubber, base metals, machinery and tools, textile materials, and minerals to its trading partners while it imports vehicle and transport material, computer accessories and parts, semiconductors, and household goods.

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