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Portugal Facts


Quick Facts

Where is Portugal?
The Portuguese Republic is the westernmost country of Europe. It is situated in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula. It is bordered on the west and south by Atlantic Ocean and on the north and east by Spain.

The Atlantic archipelagos of the Azores and Madeira are part of Portuguese Republic. The country is named after Porto, the second largest city in the country.

What is the capital of Portugal?
Lisbon is the capital of Portugal. It lies in the western Iberian Peninsula on the Atlantic Ocean and the Tagus River. Because of its importance in finance, commerce, media, arts, education and international trade, it is recognized as an Alpha(-) World city. Belem Tower and Jeronimos Monastery are listed by UNESCO as World Heritage Sites.

What is the currency of Portugal?
The Portuguese escudo was the currency of of Portugal till 1999 and was removed from circulation on February 28, 2002. Its ISO 4217 code was PTE. It was replaced by Euro on January 1,1999.

Which is the largest city of Portugal?
Lisbon, the capital of Portugal, is the largest city of the country. It is one of the oldest cities in the world. The metropolitan area of Lisbon is 1,142 square miles. The population of the city is 2,815,851, making it the ninth most populous urban area in the European Union.

What is the official language of Portugal?
The official language of Portugal is Portuguese. Mirandese is recognized regional language of the country. It has less than 5000 speakers in the country.

What is the religion of Portugal?
Portugal is a secular state. Roman Catholics constitute 84.5% of the population. 9% of the population are self declared Atheists. The country also has a small minority of Mormon, Muslim, Hindu, Sikh, Bahai and Buddhist.

What is the literacy rate of Portugal?
The adult literacy rate of Portugal is 99%.

What is the emblem of Portugal?
The coat of arms of Portugal was officially adopted on June 30, 1911, along with the republican flag of the country. It is based on the coat of arms used by Portuguese Kingdom. It has various versions: Lesser arms, which is used on the national flag and government flag, and the military coat of arms of Portugal.

Who is the political leader of Portugal?
Portugal is a democratic republic. The president of the country has a supervisory non-executive role, while the prime minister is the head of the government. Executive power is exercised by the council of ministers. Legislative power is vested in both the assembly of the republic and the government.

Former prime minister of Portugal, Anibal Cavaco Silva is the current president of the country. He won the Portuguese presidential election on January 22, 2006 and was re-elected on January 23, 2011. He assumed office on March 9, 2006.

Pedro Passos Coelho is the current prime minister of the country. He assumed office on June 21, 2011. He is also the president of the Social Democratic Party.

When is the National Day of Portugal celebrated?
Portugal National Day or Camoes Day is celebrated on June 10. The date commemorates the death of Luis Vaz de Camoes in 1580. Camoes is the national literary icon of the country who wrote Os Lusiadas, an epic poem celebrating Portuguese history and achievements.

What is the economy of Portugal like?
Portugal has an advanced and high-income mixed economy. It is a developed country with a high Human Development Index. Most important trading partners are the European Union countries of Spain, Germany, France, Italy, and the United Kingdom. Service sector contributes (at 74.5%) the most to the Portuguese GDP. The GDP of the country is 229,336 billion dollars. The country exports agricultural products, chemical products, plastic and rubber, base metals, machinery and tools, textile materials and minerals to its trading partners while it imports vehicle and transport material, computer accessories and parts, semi-conductors and household goods.


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