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Dakar is the capital of Senegal. French is the official language of the country. Pulaar, Wolof, Mandinka and Jola are the other prominent languages of Senegal. The multi-ethnic population of Senegal includes racial groups of Wolof, Diola, Fulani, European, Serer, Lebanese and other minority groups.
Senegal or officially the Republic of Senegal lies in the western Africa, bordering Mauritania, Mali, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau and The Gambia. The Atlantic Ocean has touched its western coast. Senegal is a poor African country. Several international organizations have recently started to invest here. Peanut is the major cash crop of the Republic of Senegal. Fishing and several light industries are also major revenue earners. Senegal was once a part of the ancient Ghana Empire. Islam arrived here in the 11th century. From the 15th century onwards European influence grew here. During the middle half of the 19th century, Senegal was totally annexed by France. It gained independence on April 4, 1960.
Republic of Senegal is a semi-presidential democratic country. The President is the chief of the state and the Prime Minister is the leader of the government of Senegal. The President's tenure is of 7 years. He/she comes to power via popular election. The appointment of the Prime Minister depends upon the President. The National Assembly is the legislative wing of Senegal. It consists of 150 members. Their tenure is of 5 years. The high Court of Justice, the Supreme Court and a Court of State Justice are the main courts of Senegal. There are 11 regions in Senegal. Current state head of Senegal is Abdoulaye Wade and the Prime Minister is Souleymane Ndene Ndiaye. Senegal is among the few African countries, which have kept its distance from coups.
Culture and HeritageEthnic and Muslim traditions are the root of the culture and heritage of Senegal. Senegal is a major bastion of movie-industry in Africa, though the local movie-making industry is currently going through a low tide. Rich varieties of popular modern music in Senegal include: country blues, reggae, rap, calypso, and beguine. The traditional musical genres are yela, pekan songs, dilere, ditties and the Gumbala chants. The rich and decorative handicrafts of Senegal include: gold, silver and bronze jewelry, necklaces, decorative pottery, baskets and hand-woven fabrics.
TourismNational parks, beaches, pleasant climate and fishing are some major strengths of Senegalese tourism. Some major destinations of Senegalese tourism include: