The Togo geography provides for interesting study as the geographical features of the region can be actually distinguished under six categories. Lying just on the edge of the Sahara Desert and off the Atlantic Coast, Togo has a unique climactic condition.
Togo is surrounded by Ghana, lying to the west, Benin lying to the east and Burkina Faso to the north the north. The Latitude and longitude of Togo corresponds to 8° north and 1°10′ east. The gross land area of Togo covers up to 56,785 square km of which 2400 square km is water body.
The Prominent Geographic Divisions of Togo
- The Plateau Region: This is comprised of the Quatchi Plateau which is differently known as Terre de Barre. The plateau lies at an average of 75 meters above the sea level.
- The Lake Regions: Apart from the many lagoons, there are several water bodies of which lake Togo region is the most important.
- The Mountain Regions: the Chaine du Togo and mountain Togo and Mount Agou are the most important mountains. The Togo Mountains are not confined to the boundaries of Togo but actually extend over to Ghana and Benin.
- The Rivers: the most prominent rivers comprise River Oti, River Volta and River Mono. River Mono flows through the Quatchi plateau.
- The Coastline: the coastline area lying off the shore of the Atlantic sea extends to about 54 km.
Interestingly, the coastal region of Togo is the driest among all the land of the country that has a tropical climate. Most parts of Togo, to this day remains unexploited and covered by forest area. Only about a tenth of the land is used for grazing and agriculture.