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Iran Geography

by Vishal Kumar

The geography of Iran is fascinating, between Iraq and Pakistan bordering the Gulf of Oman, the Persian Gulf, and the Caspian Sea.

Iran’s Geography is fascinating. Iran is located in the Middle East, between Iraq and Pakistan bordering the Gulf of Oman, the Persian Gulf, and the Caspian Sea. The latitude of Iran is 32 degrees North and the longitude is 53 degrees East.

The Latitude and Longitude of Iran

Keeping in mind the geography of Iran, Iran ranks sixteenth in size among the various countries of the world. The total area of Iran is 1.648 million sq km. The neighboring countries of Iran are Afghanistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan-proper Azerbaijan, Iraq, Pakistan, Turkey, and Turkmenistan. The Coastline of Iran is 2,440 km. Another important aspect of Iran’s geography is the climate of Iran which is mostly arid or semi-arid, featuring a rugged terrain with a mountainous rim; a high, central basin with deserts, mountains, and small plains.

The lowest point of Iran is the Caspian Sea – 28 m whereas the highest point is Kuh-e-Damavand at 5,671 m. Among the small rivers, the only one navigable is the Karun through which shallow-draft boats can move from Khorramshahr to Ahvaz. Iran’s geography also includes the various natural resources of Iran like petroleum, natural gas, coal, and chromium and information about where they can be found. The extent of irrigated land in Iran is 75,620 sq km. The types of natural hazards that torment the life of Iranian people are periodic droughts, floods, dust storms, sandstorms, and earthquakes.

The common environmental threats to the geography of Iran are air pollution, deforestation; overgrazing; desertification; oil pollution in the Persian Gulf; wetland losses from drought; soil degradation; inadequate supplies of potable water, and water pollution.

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