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Maps / Estonia Map / Estonia Geography

Estonia Geography



A study of Estonia geography throws focus on the fact that the geographical coordinates of the country are 59° North latitude and 26° C East longitude. Estonia geography also states the fact that
it is basically a flat and low country and covers the area of 45,226 square kilometers.

The climate of Estonia is of maritime nature. The winters are moderate and the summers are characterized by cool weather. The terrain of Estonia is generally characterized by swampy plain. The natural resources of Estonia are oil, amber, peat, shale and phosphorite.

The geography of Estonia also points out the fact that the country has an extensive and low coastline down the length of the Baltic Sea. There are numerous islands marking the shore of the Baltic Sea. The highest point of Estonia is the Suur Munamagi or the Egg Mountain.

The country of Estonia has a forest cover of about 108 million hectares. Cultivable lands in Estonia total to about 926,000 hectares. Lakes in Estonia are also many in numbers. There are a total of more than 1400 artificial and natural lakes in Estonia.



There are four seasons in Estonia having nearly same duration for each of the seasons. The range of the average temperature of Estonia in the Baltic islands to the inlands remains 16.3° C to 17.1° C in the month of July. In the month of February, which is the coldest month of the country the temperature of the country varies from -3.5° C to -7.6° C in the Baltic islands and the inlands.


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