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Mongolian Flag Description
The flag of Mongolia is divided into three vertical bands of red on the outer stripes and
blue in the middle. On the red stripe along the hoist side, the soyombo, the national symbol of Mongolia, is positioned in yellow. The soyombo symbol is a character in the Mongolian script, and is also found on the coat of arms of Mongolia. The red on the flag symbolize Mongolia’s strength and harsh environment. The blue symbolizes the blue sky.
The soyombo is made up of many symbols. At the top of the symbol there is a flame, representing growth and wealth, each tongue of the flame symbolizes time, one for the past, present, and future. Below the flame is a sun over a crescent moon, representing Mongolia’s eternal existence. Two triangles pointing down next to rectangular bands represent spears, defeating enemies. In the middle is the yin-yang symbol (Taijitu), showing balance and the complement of men and women. On either side of this column of symbols is a long upright rectangle, which serve as fortress walls that stabilize and strengthen everything inside.
Mongolian Flag History
The current flag of Mongolia was adopted on January 12, 1992 when Mongolia became a democracy. Before this, Mongolia was the Mongolian People’s Republic from 1940 until 1992, and the flag was the same, but with the addition of a socialist star at the top of the column of the soyombo. From 1911 to 1921, a version of the flag was used that featured the soyombo centered on a red flag with a yellow border, and other variations have also been used.
|National symbol(s):||soyombo emblem|
|National colors:||red, blue, yellow|
|Name:||“Mongol ulsyn toriin duulal” (National Anthem of Mongolia)|
|Lyrics/Music:||Tsendiin DAMDINSUREN/Bilegiin DAMDINSUREN and Luvsanjamts MURJORJ|
Fact about Mongolia flag
|Adopted||December 26, 1911 (version of the Bogd Khaanate of Mongolia), January 12, 1992 (current version)|
|Design and Colors||A vertical bicolour triband of red, blue, and red; charged with the national emblem in yellow, centred on the hoist-side red band|