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Iraq Facts





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ContinentAsia
Lat Long33 00 N, 44 00 E
Area437,072 km2 (169,234 sq mi)
Population37,056,169 (July 2015 est.)
CapitalBaghdad
Largest CityBaghdad
Official LanguagesArabic and Kurdish
Major ReligionMuslim (official) 99% (Shia 60%-65%, Sunni 32%-37%), Christian 0.8%, Hindu <.1, Buddhist <.1, Jewish <.1, folk religion <.1, unafilliated .1, other <.1
National Day3 October (1932)
Form of GovernmentFederal Parliamentary Islamic Republic
PresidentFuad Masum
Prime MinisterHaider al-Abadi
CurrencyIraqi dinar (IQD)
GDP$522.700 billion (2015 Est.)
Calling Code964
Time Zone(UTC+3) Summer (DST) not observed (UTC+3)
Internet TLD.iq

Where is Iraq?
Iraq is a country in located in western Asia. The country spans the north-western end of the Zagros mountain range, the eastern part of the Syrian Desert and the northern part of the Arabian Desert.
What is the capital of Iraq?
The capital of Iraq is Baghdad. Covering a total area of 872.7 square miles, Baghdad is the largest city in Iraq and the second-largest in western Asia. As estimated in 2011, the city has a population of approximately 7,216,040. It is located in center-east of Iraq.

What countries border Iraq?
Iraq is a country in the middle-east bordered by Jordan on the west, Syria on the north-west, Turkey on the north, Iran on the east, and Kuwait and Saudi Arabia on the south.

How big is Iraq?
With an area of 169,234 square miles, Iraq is the fiftieth-largest country in the world. The country mostly comprises desert.

What is the population of Iraq?
According to the 2011 census, Iraq has an estimated population of 30,399,572. It is the thirty-sixth most populous nation in the world.

What are the ethnic groups in Iraq?
Arabs constitute about eighty percent of the population of Iraq. The remaining population belong to a group called the Kurds. The other ethnic groups in the country include the Assyrians, Circassians, Armenians, and Chechens.

What are the administrative divisions of Iraq?
Iraq comprises eighteen governorates that are better known as provinces. These provinces are sub-divided into districts.

Who are the political leaders of Iraq?
Iraq has a federal government. The country is defined as an Islamic, democratic, parliamentary republic.
President - Jalal Talabani
Prime Minister - Nouri al-Maliki
Speaker of Council of Representatives - Usama al-Nujayfi

What is the official currency used in Iraq?
The dinar denoted by the ISO 4217 code IQD is the official currency of Iraq. It is sub-divided into 1,000 fils. The currency is issued by the Central Bank of Iraq.

What is the official language of Iraq?
Iraq has two official languages: Arabic and Kurdish. Regional languages such as the Aramaic, South Azeri, Armenian, and Persian are also spoken in the country. English is spoken by a few people.

What is the religion of Iraq?
Islam is the dominant religion in Iraq followed by ninety-seven percent of the population. The largest Muslim denomination is the Shia sect. Christianity is also practiced; the major Christian denominations include the Chaldean Catholic Church, Syriac Orthodox Church and the Assyrian Church of the East. There are also minorities of Mandaeans, Shabaks, Yarsan, Jews and Yezidis.

What is the economy of Iraq like?
The economy of Iraq is heavily dependent on oil sector and natural gas. In 2010, the gross domestic product (PPP) of Iraq was estimated at $113.366 billion, while the per capita was $3,537. Iraq produces about 2.5 million barrels oil per day.

The country also has a small industrial sector, that includes food-processing, chemicals, textiles, construction materials, leather goods, and metals. Electronics, fertilizers, and refined sugar are the major industries. Agriculture is an important sector, employing about one-third of the population. Iraq is the largest producer of wheat, barley, rice, vegetables, dates, and cotton. The major trade partners of the country are the United States, Turkey, and Syria.

When is the national day of Iraq celebrated?
The national day of Iraq is celebrated on October 3. On this day in 1932, Iraq declared its independence from the United Kingdom.

Last Updated on: August 8th, 2017


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