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Ghana Flag

Flag of Ghana

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The flag of the Republic of Ghana has three horizontal stripes: red (top), gold (middle), and green (bottom). The colors used in the flag are the Pan-African colors.

Red represents the revolutionary spirit and the sacrifices of the country’s martyrs in their fight for independence; gold symbolizes the abundance of minerals found in this nation; and green represents the lush greenery, natural resources, and the forests of Ghana.

The middle stripe features a five-pointed black star that stands for the emancipation of the nation and the unity and patriotic spirit displayed by the countrymen in their struggle against the colonialism. The star was borrowed from the flag of a shipping line called Black Star Line. The football team of Ghana derives its nickname, the Black Stars, from this star in the flag.

The flag was designed by Mrs. Theodosia Salome Okoh and was first adopted on March 6, 1957, following the country’s independence from the British rule. The flag underwent a few alterations; between 1964 and 1966 when the middle gold stripe was replaced by a white one. The current version of the flag of the Republic of Ghana was adopted on February 28, 1966.

The Ghana national flag is heavily influenced by the Ethiopian flag; it is the first African country after Ethiopia that uses Pan-African colors in its national flag.

Official Name: Republic of Ghana

Flag Proportion: 2:3

Adopted on: 1957

Designed by: Mrs. Theodosia Salome Okoh

Location: Located in West Africa sharing borders with Cote D’Ivoire, Togo, Burkina Faso, and the Gulf of Guinea

Capital City: Accra

Major Cities: Tamale, Kumasi, Bolgatanga

Area: 92,098 square miles

Population: 24,233,431

Currency:Ghana Cedi (GHS)

Official Language: English

National Anthem: God Bless Our Homeland Ghana

National symbol(s):black star, golden eagle

National colors: red, yellow, green, black

National anthem:
name: "God Bless Our Homeland Ghana"
lyrics/music: unknown/Philip GBEHO

Fact about Ghana flag

Designed byTheodosia Okoh
Adopted1957 (readopted 1966)
Design and ColorsA horizontal triband of red, gold, and green, charged with a black star in the center
Size Ratio2:3

Last Updated On : August 24th, 2017