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Russia Geography






Russia, also known as the Russian federation is world's largest country in terms of the overall area. Russian federation geography can be described in terms of its size, location, climate and varied physical features. Russia located in Northern Asia lies between North Pacific Ocean and Europe. Russia is surrounded with countries like China, North Korea, Mongolia, Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Belarus, Lithuania, Poland, Ukraine, Norway, Estonia, Latvia and Finland.

Russia covers a total area of 17,075,200 sq km out of which 79,400 sq km is water and 16,995,800 sq km is land. Russia's coastlines extend to the Artic and the Pacific oceans that include the Caspian, Baltic and Black sea. In this region important lakes like Lake Onega, Lake Ladoga and Lake Baikal can be located. The arctic and the sub-arctic regions of Russia include the vast plains that stretch between Europe and Asia. This plain, known a Siberia has dense forests that are found in the northern regions.

An important feature of Russian federation geography is the beautiful mountain ranges that stretch all across the southern borders. Mount Elbrus is the highest peak of Russia and Europe. The two continents of Asia and Europe are separated by the great Ural Mountains of Russia. The Kamchatka ranges in Russian federation are known for its active volcanoes.

Ural Mountains
Ural Mountains are basically the mountain range that is standing in the Western part of Russia. It creates the border line between Asia and Europe. Ural Mountains are also known as the Urals, Ural or Russian Uralsky Khrebet.

It is believed that Urals got its name from the Uralian tribe who used to reside in the northern part of Asia. However, there is also another explanation, according to which the word Ural belongs to Turkic origin. According to the later explanation Ural means a stone-made belt.

The mount Ural is mainly divided into five regions, such as Middle, North, South, Subarctic and Arctic Urals. It is said that Urals are one oldest mountain ranges in the world. It is approximately around 300 million years old. It is assumed that Ural Mountains were formed during the late Carboniferous period. Among its deposits, the most remarkable alleviations include coal, gold, platinum, iron, nickel, silver and some other minerals.

In the true sense, Ural Mountains are the core of Eurasia. The polar portion of it is occupied by tundra, whereas in the northern part there is a hilly treeless range. The tallest peaks of Telpos-Iz and Naroda is located in this part.

Brosno Lake
Brosno Lake is a very popular in Russia. Situated near the town of Andreapol in the Tver region of Russia, the lake is widely popular for the dragon named Brosnie which as per the local belief resides within it.

Brosno Lake of Russia comprises of numerous marine inhabitants but the majority comprise of perch and burbot, two forms of saltwater fish. Other than this, there are also few species of some marine vegetation.

In general, Brosno Lake at Russia has always been mysterious. Numerous stories of mystery do the round around the whole region near the beautiful lake. Some say a water snake or dragon reside here while some believe that active volcanoes lie inside the water bed. As per some historians who are believed to have seen the devil, it looked like a large snake with an eye in the side.

Brosno Lake in Russia has been explored by numerous tourists and adventure enthusiasts but no one has ever been able to solve the mystery around it. During the 18th and 19th century, the monster inside Brosno Lake created lots of turbulence in the life of the locals residing near it. The monster did not allow water to the locals and casted magical spells so as to harass them.

Pleshcheyevo Lake
The beautiful Pleshcheyevo Lake is a popular attraction in Russia. It is located in Yaroslavl Oblast which is close to Pereyaslavl-Zalessky town. This enormous lake has a depth of 25 meters with 51 square kilometers in size. The shallow waters of the lake is 200 meters at every shore. Earlier the lake was a part of the resort that belonged to the Russian emperor. The lake is now a portion of the Plescheyevo National Park. Different activities at Pleshcheyevo lake like wind surfing, swimming, fishing and camping has turned this place into a favorite holiday destination.

Topozero Lake
The Topozero Lake is one of the biggest freshwater lakes which is located in the Republic of Karelia, on the northwest of Russia. The Topozero Lake covers a total area of 986 square kilometers and is about 30.3 kilometers wide and 75.3 kilometers in length. The maximum depth of the lake Topozero in Russia is 56 meters. More than 100 islands are located nearby this lake and this lake is primarily used for timber-related activities and for fishing purposes.

Topozero Lake is one of the most prominent sources of freshwater apart from the other renowned freshwater lakes of Russia like Vyg, Ilmen, Beloye, Chany and Lake Baikal. Out of these, Lake Baikal alone accounts for 85% of the freshwater resources of Russia and about 20% of freshwater reserves in the whole world.

Taimyr Lake
Taimyr Lake is a part of the Taymyr Peninsula in Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia. The Taimyr Lake is situated on the Byrranga Mountains and the lake is always ice-covered from late September to June.

By the middle of the month of July, large masses of ice cover only the western part of the lake as well as pieces are also found in north-east bay, Yamu-Baikura. Wind drives these snow flakes on the lake and large tones of ice cover the banks of the river. By the beginning of the month of June, there are many muck-ox herds on the northern bank of this lake. The main tributaries of this Russian lake are Severnaya, Bikada Nguoma, Kalamissamo, Yamutarida and Zapadnaya rivers.

Ladoga Lake
Among the lakes in Russia, Ladoga Lake is the second largest one. In Europe, it forms the largest of all lakes. Lakes form an intrinsic part of the geography of Russian Federation.

Ladoga Lake is situated in the Republic of Karelia. The lake is 130 km wide and 210 km long. The depth of Ladoga Lake is 225 m at places. In the north, the shore of the lake is rocky and in the southern part, the lake region is rather shallow.

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