Gauja National park is frequently visited because it is one among the Latvia sightseeing places. Latvia tourism has included Gauja national Park among the Latvia sightseeing places. Gauja National park is situated on th banks of the Gauja river encompassing 47% of the park's territory.
Gauja national park was established in the year 1973 being the first national park in Latvia. The aim of the Gauja National park is to protect the nature and therefore the park is divided into natural restricted areas and nature reserves. The park is also used for leisure tourism and also educational purposes. The nature reserves form most of the Gauja national park.
47% of the park is covered by the forests. Here one can get a view of 900 species of plants, forty eight species of mammals and one hundred forty nine variety of birds. The park also encompasses historical monuments like castles, churches, manors, windmills steeped in rich culture. Moreover there are archaeological and art galleries speaking proudly of the art and culture of Latvia.
Previously the park was meant for nature conservation. But from the 19th century tourists started flocking the park to view its natural and historical culture. Today the Gauja national park is one of the main Latvia sightseeing places organized by the Latvia tourism board.