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Latvia Facts

Where is Latvia located ?
Latvia which is officially called the Republic of Latvia, is a country situated in Northern Europe’s Baltic region.

Who are the neighboring countries of Latvia ?
The neighboring countries of Latvia are Lithuania, Estonia, Belarus, and Russia. The country also has a maritime border with Sweden to the west. Latvia, Lithuania, and Estonia are together known as the ‘Baltic States’.

What is the area and population of Latvia ?
The total area of Latvia is 24,938 square miles and as per the 2014 estimate Latvia’s population was 1,994,300.

What is the capital of Latvia ?
Latvia’s capital is Riga, which is also the largest city of the country.

What is the type of government in Latvia ?
Latvia has a Parliamentary Republic type of government.

What is the official language of Latvia ?
Latvia’s official language is Latvian.

Which is the longest river of Latvia ?
Latvia’s longest river is the River Daugava.

Which is the largest lake in Latvia ?
The largest lake of Latvia is Lake Lubana.

What is Riga Castle ?
Situated on the banks of River Daugava, Riga Castle is the President of Latvia’s official home. The castle was constructed in the year 1330. The castle also houses several museums.

When were the Riga Technical University and University of Latvia founded ?
Riga Technical University, Riga Polytechnikum, was started in the year 1862 and the University of Latvia was founded in 1919.

What is the Historic Centre of Riga ?
UNESCO’s World Heritage Site, Riga's Historic Centre, is well known for its Art Nouveau, Jugendstil architecture, and the wooden architecture of the 19th century.

Which is the biggest airport in the Baltic States ?
The Baltic States’ (which include the countries Latvia, Lithuania, and Estonia) biggest airport is the Riga International Airport.

When did Latvia become a member of European Union (EU) ?
Latvia became a member of EU on 01 May 2004.

What is Latvia’s official currency ?
Latvia’s official currency is Euro. Lats was being used as the currency in the country until Euro replaced it on 01 January 2014.

Which is Latvia’s tallest point ?
Gaiziņkalns is Latvia’s tallest point which is 312 meters high.

Which is the largest religion of Latvia ?
Latvia’s largest religion is Christianity.

What are the several administrative divisions of Latvia ?
There exist 118 administrative divisions in Latvia, 109 of which are municipalities whereas 9 are cities.

Which are the major ethnic groups of Latvia ?
The population of Latvia is multi-ethnic. The largest ethnic group in the country is of the Latvians who comprise of 62.1% of the total population. Followed by the Latvians are the Russians and Belarusians who comprise 26.9% and 3.4% respectively. Other Ethnic Groups in the country are Ukrainians, Poles, Lithuanians, Jews, and Roma.

Which country hosted the World Choir Games in 2014 ?
World Choir Games, which were formerly known as the Choir Olympics, is the biggest choir competition across the world. In July 2014, Riga, Latvia hosted the 2014 World Choir Games.

What is the Amber Road ?
Amber Road was an old trade route for transferring amber from North Sea & Baltic Sea’s coastal areas to Mediterranean Sea. The famous road goes through the country.

What are the main industries of the economy of Latvia ?
Processed Foods, Textiles, Processed Wood Products, Pharmaceuticals, Processed Metals, Railroad Cars, Electronics and Synthetic Fibers are the main industries of the Latvian economy.

What are the main imports and exports of Latvia ?
Food Products, Metals, Wood & Wood products, Machinery & Equipment and Textiles are the main exports whereas Machinery & Equipments, Chemicals, Consumer Goods, Fuels and Vehicles are the main imports of Latvia.


Last Updated : October 10, 2014

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