Facts about Iceland

Lat Long65 00 N, 18 00 W
Area102,775 km2 (39,699 sq mi)
Population331,918 (July 2015 est.)
Largest CityReykjavik
Official LanguagesIcelandic
Major ReligionEvangelical Lutheran Church of Iceland (official) 73.8%, Roman Catholic 3.6%, Reykjavik Free Church 2.9%, Hafnarfjorour Free Church 2%, The Independent Congregation 1%, other religions 3.9% (includes Pentecostal and Asatru Association), none 5.6%, other or unspecified 7.2% (2015 est.)
National Day17 June 1944
Form of GovernmentUnitary parliamentary constitutional republic
PresidentGuoni Th. Johannesson
Prime MinisterBjarni Benediktsson
CurrencyIcelandic Krona (ISK)
GDP$14.488 billion (2015 estimate)
Calling Code354
Time ZoneGMT (UTC+0)
Internet TLD.is

Area39,770 square miles
Currency Icelandic Krona
Calling Code354
GDP (PPP)$12.409 billion (2011)

Iceland is s country in northern Europe which lies wedged between the North Atlantic and the Arctic Oceans. Iceland spans across a total area of 40,000 square miles and is home to a population of over 320,000 people making it the least densely populated country in Europe. Despite the proximity to the Arctic region, Iceland is a geologically active region with many volcanoes including Mt Helgafell which erupted in 1973 after 7,000 years.. Most of the country's core is made up of a plateau area formed of sand and lava deposits. Much of the country is mountainous and glaciers and glacial rivers crisscross the land.
Most Icelanders, being descendants of the early Norse and Gaelic and celebrate their Norse heritage. Iceland has no standing army. A member of the EEA, EFTA, NATO and the OECD, the country is known for its excellent public welfare and healthcare systems. In 2011, the United Nations' Human Development Index ranted the nation 14 in order of development among the countries of the world.

Here are some facts about Iceland -
Which is the capital of Iceland? The largest city in Iceland is also the capital - Reykjavík. Reykjavík is also the northernmost capital of any country in the world. The areas surrounding the capital are also home to most of the country's population.

What is the official language of Iceland? The primary language spoken in Iceland, Icelandic belongs to the North Germanic family of languages and is related to many Norwegian languages and to Faroese.

What form of government does Iceland have?
The government of Iceland is a unitary, parliamentary democracy. Iceland is arguably the world's oldest parliamentary democracy. It has about 63 members of parliament who are elected for a four-year term. How many constituencies is Iceland divided into?
Iceland is divided into eight regions. The six constituencies that make up these eight regions are
  • Reykjavík North
  • Reykjavík South
  • Southwest
  • Northwest
  • Northeast
  • South
Who is the head of state of Iceland?
The head of the state in Iceland is the country's president. The president's role, however, is a largely ceremonial. The President can, however, veto laws and put them to a countrywide referendum. The current president of Iceland is Ólafur Ragnar Grímsson.

Who is the head of government in Iceland? The head of government in Iceland is the prime minister. The office is currently held by Jóhanna SigurÔardóttir. The Prime Minister and the cabinet are responsible for the executive functions of the government.

Which are the major cities of Iceland?
Reykjavík, Akureyri, Isafjordur, Keflavik, and Egilsstdir are among the major cities in Iceland.
What are the colors of the Icelandic national flag?
The national flag of Iceland features a white-fimbriated red Nordic cross on a blue field. The blue represents the oceans that surround the nation, white represents the ice that covers most of the land and the red is representative of the fire and lava in the volcanoes.

Who wrote the national anthem of Iceland?
"Lofsöngur" or "ó Guô vors lands" ("O, God of Our Land"), is the national anthem of Iceland. The lyrics to the anthem were written by Matthías Jochumsson and the music was composed by Sveinbjörn Sveinbjörnsson. The hymn was adopted as the country's national anthem in 1944.

Last Updated on: July 16th, 2018