Bosnia and Herzegovina is a country located in southeastern Europe on the Balkan Peninsula, bordered by Croatia, Serbia, and Montenegro. Bosnia and Herzegovina has 20 kilometers (12 miles) of coastline along the Adriatic Sea, sandwiched between Croatian lands.
The capital and largest city of Bosnia and Herzegovina is Sarajevo.
Bosnia and Herzegovina is divided into two top-level entities: Republika Srpska and the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The latter comprises 51 percent of the land, while the former occupies the remaining 49 percent. These entities were established in 1995 due to internal conflict, and the entities have some governing power. Brcko District, located in the north, is an additional entity, officially belonging to both the Republika Srpska and the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Brcko District is self governing, however.
The Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina is further divided into ten cantons, each with its own government. The cantons are Una-Sana, Posavina, Tuzla, Zenica-Doboj, Bosnian Podrinje, Central Bosnia, Herzegovina-Neretva, West Herzegovina, Sarajevo, and Canton 10.
Republika Srpska is divided into 63 municipalities, and the Brcko District is under its own jurisdiction.
Population: 1961 estimate
Last Updated : July 21st, 2018