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Morocco Geography and History






The Morocco geography and history can be traced back to 8000 B.C. Many theorists substantiate this fact with the signs of the Capsian culture. Morocco geography and history
have contributed to the modern shape of the country. The coastline of Morocco stretches between the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea. To the east of Morocco lies the international border of Algeria, while the north and south Morocco are bordered with Spain and Mauritania respectively. Morocco situated at the extreme northwest of Africa added 70,000 square kilometers of phosphate-rich land of former Spanish Sahara to its area.

The historians put forward the claim that Phoenicians were the earliest to draw to the area of Morocco. In the classical age, Morocco was called by the name of 'Mauretania'. In the early times after the Phoenicians, the different races of people who ruled over Morocco in different times included Romans, Visigoths, Vandals and Byzantine Greeks. In the 7th century A.D., the Arab forces brought a change in Morocco. In that time, the Arabs conquered Morocco and infiltrated their civilization and Islam in the culture of Morocco. The Alaouite dynasty has ruled Morocco since 1649. This dynasty claims the descent from Prophet Muhammad.

The European powers had a rule over Morocco in different times. Finally, Morocco earned its independence from France on March 2, 1956.

Morocco Geography
A study of Morocco Geography reveals that Morocco is located at the extreme northwest part of Africa. Morocco covers an area of 458,730 square kilometers. In terms of the size, the country of Morocco stands 57th in the world. The Morocco Geography has a coast by the North Atlantic Ocean. The coast line stretches up to the Mediterranean Sea. Morocco maintains an international border with Algeria to the east. The international border to the south of Morocco is Mauritania. The border of Morocco to the north is Spain. The borders of Morocco with Spain include a water border through the Strait and land borders with two small Spanish autonomous cities, Ceuta and Melilla.

The Atlas Mountains stretch the Kingdom of Morocco. To the south of Morocco, lies the vast stretch of desert. The cultivable land in Morocco is recorded as 18% while the forests cover nearly 12% of the land.

The capital city of Morocco is Rabat. Casablanca is the largest city besides being the main port of Morocco. Few of the other cities of Morocco that generate economy by the operating industries and tourism include Agadir, Fes, Marrakech, Meknes, Essaouira, Mohammadia, Oujda, Ouarzazat, Safi, Sale, Tangier, Tetouan.

Morocco History
The Morocco History dates back to 8000 B.C. Many theorists have attested this claim because of the signs of the Capsian culture. At different times, different races of people have ruled Morocco thus contributing to the shape of the Morocco history. The historians believe that the Phoenicians were the earliest race to contribute to the history of Morocco. The Romans were the next to follow. The region of Morocco formed part of the Roman Empire as Mauretania Tingitana. The Roman Empire fell in the 5th century A.D.

With the fall of the Roman Empire in Morocco, the power of Morocco fell in the hands of Visigoths, Vandals and Byzantine Greeks successively. Though, the rulers were changing, the high mountains of most of modern Morocco remained unsubdued. This region was the main stay for the Berber inhabitants.

The 7th century A.D. witnessed the Arab forces occupying Morocco. The Arab Saadi dynasty took over the power of Morocco in the 16th century. The Islam rule thus conquered the entire Morocco. Under the Islamic rule, the citizens of Morocco prospered in the Spanish cities such as Sevilla and Granada as well as Fes and Marrakech in Morocco. This age saw advancement in science, mathematics, astronomy, geography as well as medicine.

In the 17th century, the Alaouite dynasty took the charge of Morocco. They claim the descent from the Prophet Muhammad. Various European powers followed. Finally on March 2, 1956, Morocco won its independence from France.




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