Declaration of Independence
On 3 November 1978 Dominica got its freedom from Great Britain and became an independent country. 3 November is not only the Independence Day of Dominica, but is also celebrated as Creole Day, Market Day, and Heritage Day.
The island was inhabited by South American Indians for almost 600 years. While Spain lost interest in the island, England and France continued fighting each other during the 17th and 18th century. After changing several hands and being under the British rule for two centuries, Dominica got its freedom on 3 November, 1978.
The complicated colonial past of the country is well reflected through its languages. The official language of Dominica is English. But ranges from the standard varieties spoken in Roseau to the ones spoken in the rural villages. A distinctive English-based creole termed as Kokoy is spoken in Marigot and Wesley, the two popular villages that have their base on the Atlantic coast.
Here is the translated version of the national anthem:
Isle of beauty, isle of splendour,
Isle to all so sweet and fair,
All must surely gaze in wonder
At thy gifts so rich and rare.
Rivers, valleys, hills and mountains,
All these gifts we do extol.
Healthy land, so like all fountains,
Giving cheer that warms the soul.
Dominica, God hath blest thee
With a clime benign and bright,
Pastures green and flowers of beauty
Filling all with pure delight,
And a people strong and healthy,
Full of godly, rev'rent fear.
May we ever seek to praise Thee
For these gifts so rich and rare.
Come ye forward, sons and daughters
Of this gem beyond compare.
Strive for honor, sons and daughters,
Do the right, be firm, be fair.
Toil with hearts and hands and voices.
We must prosper! Sound the call,
In which ev'ry one rejoices,
"All for Each and Each for All."
Dominica has made a mark for its developed stature, peaceful environment and democracy. On 3 November, the residents of this country will indulge in certain gatherings so as to enjoy the festivities, which will mark the occasion. Their celebrations clearly indicate their joyfulness and their commitment to support, uplift as well as affirm each other.
Some of the noted facts are as follows:
- Roseau is the capital of this country and is located on the western coast of the Caribbean Sea
- The country enjoys a mildly tropical climate
- As per records of 2005, the country’s population is approximately 70,000
- Among the estimated population, 89% belong to the African descent, 7% are of a combined race, and 2% belong to the Carib race. The remaining 2% are identified as Portuguese, Chinese, East Indian, white and Syrian Lebanese
- The major political parties of this country are the United Workers' Party (UWP), the Dominica Labour Party (DLP) and the Dominica Freedom Party (DFP).
On 18 December 1978 the country became a part of the United Nations and also is a part of ECLAC and various specialized agencies like the IMF, FAO, UNESCO, ILO, WHO, and the World Bank.
Last Updated : August 3rd, 2018