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Facts about Haiti

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Where is Haiti?
Haiti is a Caribbean country occupying the western-third of the island of Hispaniola, between the Atlantic Ocean and Caribbean Sea.

What is the capital of Haiti?
Port-au-Prince is the capital of the Caribbean nation of Haiti. With a population of 897,859, Haiti is the largest city in the country.
How big is Haiti?
Haiti covers a total area of 10,714 square miles. As estimated in 2011, the Caribbean nation had a population of 9,719,932.

What are the ethnic groups in Haiti?
The majority of the population of Haiti belong to Africa. There are a few Hispanic residents, as well as small numbers of Europeans. The country also has some Syrians and Lebanese.

What are the administrative divisions of Haiti?
Haiti is divided into ten departments that are sub-divided into 41 arrondissements, and 133 communes. The communeas function as second- and third-level administrative divisions.

Who are the political leaders of Haiti?
President - Michel Martelly
Prime Minister - Garry Conille

What is the official currency used in Haiti?
The gourde denoted by the ISO 4217 code HTG is the official currency if Haiti. It is divided into 100 centimes or santim. The gourde was adopted in 1813.

What is the official language of Haiti?
Haiti has two official languages: French and Haitian Creole. French is the official language of Haiti used for administrative, religious, educational and business purposes. The standardized Haitian Creole is also officially recognized and is spoken by the entire population of Haiti. There are a few Spanish speakers in the country as well.

What is the religion of Haiti?
The official religion of Haiti is Christianity. The largest denomination is Roman Catholicism practiced by almost eighty-percent of Haitians. Protestants make up about sixteen percent of the population of the country.

What is the economy of Haiti like?
Haiti is one of the poorest nations in the world with eighty percent of the population living under the poverty line. In 2010, the GDP (PPP) of the country was estimated at $11.477 billion, while the per capita was $1,164. Agriculture is an important sector employing about sixty-six percent of the total population. Small-scale subsistence farming contributes thirty percent to the GDP. Cassava, rice, sugarcane, sorghum, yams, corn, coffee, and mangoes are the major crops. Mangoes and coffee are two of the most important exports of Haiti. The other major exports include oils, cocoa, sugar, sisal, and bauxite.

Haiti has abundant natural resources that include bauxite, copper, calcium carbonate, gold, marble, silver, antimony, tin, lignite, gypsum, manganese, marble, iron, limestone, sulfur, coal, nickel, tungsten, salt, clay, and various building stones.

When is the national day of Haiti celebrated?
The national day in Haiti is celebrated on the first day of the new year, that is, January 1. The day is celebrated to mark the country's independence from the French rule on January 1, 1804.

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