In 1638, the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan shifted the Mughal empire’s capital from Agra to Delhi. A new royal palace known as Red Fort Delhi (Lal Qila) was constructed. The Red Fort has walls extending up to 2 kms. in length with their height varying from 18 mts. on the river side to 33 mts. on the city side. The Red Fort, Delhi, has two main entrances, the Delhi Gate and the Lahori Gate. The latter faces Chandni Chowk, the city’s most crowded, but diverse, market.
The Red Fort houses the Diwan-i-Aam or the Hall of Public Audiences, where the emperor would sit in a marbled paneled alcove, studded with gems, and hear the complaints of the common people. The Diwan-i-Khas or the Hall of Private Audience, was a place where the private audiences were granted. This hall was made of marble, and its centre was embellished with the Peacock Throne, which was studded with rubies and gems. Today, although the Diwan-i-Khas is only a pale shadow of its original glory, yet the verse of Amir Khusro ” If there is Paradise on the face of earth, it is here, it is here, it is here” reminds us of its former glory. The Rang Mahal or the ‘Palace of Colours’ as it is known, holds a spectacular Lotus-shaped fountain, made out of a single piece of marble, and housed the emperor’s wives and mistresses.
The other attractions enclosed within this monument are the hammams or the Royal Baths, the Shahi Burj, which used to be Shah Jahan’s private working area, and the Moti Masjid or the Pearl Mosque. Even today, the Red Fort (Lal Qila) is an eloquent reminder of the glory of the Mughal Empire.
In the evening the light and sound show is held at the Fort to recreate the historical era. The tickets for this show cost INR 80 for adults and INR 30 for children.
- Emperor Shah Jahan built Delhi’s most magnificent monument and named it ‘Red Fort’.
- The work of building this monument began in 1639 and was completed in 1648.
- The name Red Fort comes from its massive red sandstone walls.
- The Prime Minister of India addresses the nation from the Red Fort, Delhi, on India’s Independence Day.
The Red Fort is located on Netaji Subhash Marg, Delhi, India. It can be easily reached via metro. The nearest metro station is Chandni Chowk. If you are coming to Delhi by train, then Old Delhi Railway Station is located at a distance of just 1 km from the Red Fort. It is also close to the ISBT (Inter State Bus Terminal), thus there is a good connectivity via buses. The Indira Gandhi International Airport is located at a distance of 26 kms from the Fort.
The best time to visit Red Fort is from October through March, when the weather is pleasant.
The Fort opens from Tuesdays to Sundays, from sunrise to sunset. It is closed on Mondays.
Entry fee for foreigners is INR 250 and for Indians is INR 10.
Nearby Attractions: Gurudwara Sis Ganj Sahib, Jama Masjid, Chandni Chowk Market, Sri Digambar Jain Lal Mandir, Fatehpuri Mosque, Vijay Ghat and Shanti Van.
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