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In the wake of the Brown v. Board of Education decision rendered by the Supreme Court in 1954, the United States had legally abolished the practice of setting up segregated schools for white and black children. By making the racially-motivated program — a holdover from the years after the Civil War — unconstitutional, the Court insisted that every public academic center in the country could no longer deny admission on the basis of race. The Little Rock Nine, a group of black students set to attend Little Rock Central High School in the capital of Arkansas, finally made it to class on September 24, 1957 when President Dwight D. Eisenhower sent the Army’s 101st Airborne Division to provide support.
Heavily resistant to the idea of making changes, many states that fought on the side of the Confederacy during the Civil War immediately posed objections based on overreach by the Court and, by extension, the federal government as a whole. Though not the only region of the United States in which such segregation occurred, the South was more vocal in its disdain for the ruling. Despite the likelihood of uproar to come, the Little Rock School Board agreed to a policy laid out by Superintendent Virgil Blossom for the 1957-58 school year to be the start of compliance with the new law. …(Read more)