With over 55 million passenger entry and exits every year, Liverpool Street station is one of the UK’s busiest railway stations.
It is a central London railway terminus and a London Underground station in the northeast of the City of London.
The station was opened in 1874 by Great Eastern Railway on the site of the original Bethlem Royal Hospital, the world's oldest psychiatric hospital.
The station was designed by Great Eastern's Chief Engineer, Edward Wilson, and built by John Mowlem & Co. It was named after the street on which it is located, which in turn was named after Lord Liverpool, who served as prime minister from 1812 to 1827.
The station also plays a significant role in British history. It was the first place in London to be hit by German Gotha GV bomber aircraft during World War One in May 1917. The station was hit by 1,000 pounds worth of bombs, resulting in the loss of 162 lives. In 1922, a memorial was unveiled to honor the employees of Great Eastern Railway who died during the War.
The memorial was unveiled by Sir Henry Wilson, who on his way home was assassinated by two volunteers from the Irish Republican Army.
Liverpool Street is one of the four railway stations in the British version of Monopoly.
Published On: Sunday, July 21st, 2013