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Declaring the Games Open in the Olympic Opening Ceremony

The Head of State of the host country officially declares the Games open. Within acceptable political protocol within the country and with IOC approval, their representatives - whether it be a vice-president, a duke or a governor-general can also perform this duty. Only the 1900 Paris Olympic Games did not have an official opening. Till the XXVIII Olympiad in Athens 2004, a total of 19 Heads of State have opened the Games of the Olympiad.

  List of people who have opened the Summer Olympic Games  
YearGamesHost cityOfficially opened byPosition
2016XXXI OlympiadBrazil Rio de Janeiro, Brazil  
2014XXII WinterRussia Sochi, Russian FederationVladimir PutinPresident of Russia
2012XXX OlympiadUnited Kingdom London, Great BritainElizabeth IIQueen of the United Kingdom
2010XXI WinterCanada Vancouver, CanadaMichaëlle JeanGovernor General of Canada
2008XXIX OlympiadChina Beijing, China PRHu JintaoPresident of China
2006XX WinterItaly Turin, ItalyCarlo Azeglio CiampiPresident of Italy
2004XXVIII OlympiadGreece Athens, GreeceKonstantinos StephanopoulosPresident of Greece
2002XIX WinterUnited States Salt Lake City, United StatesGeorge W. BushPresident of the United States
2000XXVII OlympiadAustralia Sydney, AustraliaWilliam DeaneGovernor-General of Australia
1998XVIII WinterJapan Nagano, JapanAkihitoEmperor of Japan
1996XXVI OlympiadUnited States Atlanta, United StatesBill ClintonPresident of the United States
1994XVII WinterNorway Lillehammer, NorwayHarald VKing of Norway
1992XVI WinterFrance Albertville, FranceFrançois MitterrandPresident of France
1992XXV OlympiadSpain Barcelona, SpainJuan Carlos IKing of Spain
1988XV WinterCanada Calgary, CanadaJeanne SauvéGovernor General of Canada
1988XXIV OlympiadSouth Korea Seoul, Republic of KoreaRoh Tae-wooPresident of South Korea
1984XIV WinterSocialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Sarajevo, YugoslaviaMika ŠpiljakPresident of Yugoslavia
1984XXIII OlympiadUnited States Los Angeles, United StatesRonald ReaganPresident of the United States
1980XIII WinterUnited States Lake Placid, United StatesWalter MondaleVice President of the United States
1980XXII OlympiadSoviet Union Moscow, Soviet UnionLeonid BrezhnevHead of state of the Soviet Union
1976XII WinterAustria Innsbruck, AustriaRudolf KirchschlägerPresident of Austria
1976XXI OlympiadCanada Montreal, CanadaElizabeth IIQueen of Canada
1972XI WinterJapan Sapporo, JapanHirohitoEmperor of Japan
1972XX OlympiadWest Germany Munich, West GermanyGustav HeinemannPresident of West Germany
1968X WinterFrance Grenoble, FranceCharles de GaullePresident of France
1968XIX OlympiadMexico Mexico City, MexicoGustavo Díaz OrdazPresident of Mexico
1964IX WinterAustria Innsbruck, AustriaAdolf SchärfPresident of Austria
1964XVIII OlympiadJapan Tokyo, JapanHirohitoEmperor of Japan
1960VIII WinterUnited States Squaw Valley, United StatesRichard NixonVice President of the United States
1960XVII OlympiadItaly Rome, ItalyGiovanni GronchiPresident of Italy
1956VII WinterItaly Cortina d'Ampezzo, ItalyGiovanni GronchiPresident of Italy
1956XVI Olympiad (equestrian)Sweden Stockholm, SwedenGustaf VI AdolfKing of Sweden
1956XVI OlympiadAustralia Melbourne, AustraliaThe Duke of EdinburghConsort of Elizabeth II, Queen of Australia
1952VI WinterNorway Oslo, NorwayPrincess RagnhildGranddaughter of Haakon VII, King of Norway
1952XV OlympiadFinland Helsinki, FinlandJuho Kusti PaasikiviPresident of Finland
1948V WinterSwitzerland St. Moritz, SwitzerlandEnrico CelioPresident of the Swiss Confederation
1948XIV OlympiadUnited Kingdom London, Great BritainGeorge VIKing of the United Kingdom
1936IV WinterGermany Garmisch-Partenkirchen, GermanyAdolf HitlerFührer of Germany
1936XI OlympiadGermany Berlin, GermanyAdolf HitlerFührer of Germany
1932III WinterUnited States Lake Placid, United StatesFranklin D. RooseveltGovernor of New York
1932X OlympiadUnited States Los Angeles, United StatesCharles CurtisVice President of the United States
1928II WinterSwitzerland St. Moritz, SwitzerlandEdmund SchulthessPresident of the Swiss Confederation
1928IX OlympiadNetherlands Amsterdam, NetherlandsPrince HendrikConsort of Wilhelmina, Queen of the Netherlands
1924I WinterFrance Chamonix, FranceGaston VidalUndersecretary for Physical Education of France
1924VIII OlympiadFrance Paris, FranceGaston DoumerguePresident of the French Republic
1920VII OlympiadBelgium Antwerp, BelgiumAlbert IKing of the Belgians
1912V OlympiadSweden Stockholm, SwedenGustav VKing of Sweden
1908IV OlympiadUnited Kingdom London, Great BritainEdward VIIKing of the United Kingdom
1904III OlympiadUnited States St. Louis, United StatesDavid R. FrancisPresident of the Louisiana Purchase Exposition
1900II OlympiadFrance Paris, FranceNo official openingNo official opening
1896I OlympiadGreece Athens, GreeceGeorge IKing of the Hellenes

Last Updated : August 03, 2016