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Ancient Olympic History




History of the Ancient Summer Games: The Ancient Summer Games were first recorded in 776 BC . According to some scholars, the games originated at least a century before that, possibly in the 13th century BC . The Games were held every four years. The Greek calendar was based on the four-year periods called Olympiads . Every Olympiad began with the Summer Games . Evidently, the festival of Olympics was reorganized in 776 BC . This Olympics was considered as the start of the first Olympiad .

Myths about the Ancient Summer Games: There are many myths about the Ancient Summer Games . One Greek legend said that the great Hercules was the founder of the Summer Games. Another myth said that Zeus himself had originated the festival to celebrate his victory against Cronus . The most common story is that, Olympic festival was a local religious event until 884 BC . The Summer Games were basically a religious festival celebrated by all Hellenes , to worship Zeus . Iphitos, the king of Elis , decided to turn the Olympic festival into a broader, pan-Hellenic festival . For this reason, he entered into a temporary truce with other rulers to give the athletes and others a free passage to and from Olympia during the Summer Games . The winners of the Games were crowned with wreaths from olive tree . They marched around the grove while admirers chanted songs written by a prominent poet.

The ancient Summer Games were never suspended. The games were even held during the Persian Wars in 480 BC , and coincided with the Battle of Thermopylae . Arkadians captured the sanctuary and reorganized the games in 364 BC . So the Games held in 364 BC were not considered as Summer Games . In 338 BC, Philip of Macedon and his son Alexander took over the Greek city-states. They erected the Philippeion (a family memorial) in the sanctuary. Philip and Alexander held political meetings at Olympia during each Olympiad. In 146 BC , the Romans gained control of Greece and the Summer Games . In 85 BC , Sulla , the Roman general plundered the sanctuary to finance his campaign against Mithridates . Sulla also moved the 175th Olympiad to Rome in 80 BC . The ancient Summer Games lasted for 1170 years . Christian Byzantine Emperor Theodosius I ordered a banning of the Ancient Summer Games in 393 AD.

The Venue of the Ancient Summer Games : Olympia was the venue of the ancient Summer Games . The ancient city of Olympia is located in the western part of the Peloponnese. According to Greek mythology , Peloponnese is the island of " Pelops ". In the 10th century B.C, Olympia was the meeting place for worship and other religious and political practices. The majestic temple of Zeus dominated the central part of Olympia , with the temple of Hera parallel to it. The ancient stadium in Olympia had a capacity of 40,000 spectators .





Team USA defeated team Serbia to win its third straight basketball gold medal in Men’s Basketball tournament. The winning team’s coach Mike Krzyzewski was utmost delighted with his team’s victory on the final day of Rio 2016 Olympic Games. USA won by a 19-15 lead and this is their 25th straight victory at the Olympic Games in addition to the 15th straight victory in the basketball tournament. 

Mo Farah of Great Britain has bagged the gold by winning the 5000 meters final and completed the double double. According to media reports, with this victory Farah has become the second man in the history of Olympics to be able to successfully defend his 5000 and 10000 Olympic championships. His victory is being hailed on Twitter with some calling him the greatest long distance runner of all time. Meanwhile, the silver medal has gone to Paul Kipkemoi Chelimo and Dejen Gebremeskel of Ethiopia has bagged the bronze.

In the women's event, Caster Semenya of South Africa won the Olympic gold in the 800m. She won in one minute 55.28 seconds.  Francine Niyonsaba of Burundi won the silver medal and Kenya's Margaret Nyairera Wambui bagged the bronze.

Chen Long of China has taken gold medal in the Rio Olympics 2016 after defeating Lee Chong Wei of Malaysia, who has won a silver in men’s badminton today. Lee was facing pressure not to lose the match. He beat Lin Dan of China in the semi-final. Lee and Lin, both are considered to be the best players of their time. With Lee’s defeat, Malaysia has missed out the chance of getting an Olympic gold medal.

 

Italy came up with a win and is heading to men's volleyball final against Brazil, after defeating USA. The US men's volleyball team tried all their survival skills, but could not stand in front of Italy. The winning team's thriller was 30-28, 26-28, 9-25, 25-22, 15-9. After it was over, US coach John Speraw said that the team was not skilled enough and they did not execute on some of the opportunities, which Italy flawlessly did

French boxer Estelle Mossely celebrated her 24th birthday by winning a gold medal in Women’s lightweight boxing championship. She defeated China’s Yin Junhua after the end of four rounds that had the two defending champions leveled on the scorecards of three judges. The bronze medals were earned by Mira Potkonen of Finland and Anastasia Beliakova of Russia.

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